Somaliland

Somaliland (Somali: Somaliland, Arabic: صوماللاند‎ Ṣūmālilānd or أرض الصومال Arḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl) is an unrecognised self-declared de facto sovereign state that is internationally recognised as an autonomous region of Somalia. The government of Somaliland regards itself as the successor state to the British Somaliland protectorate, which was independent on June 26, 1960 as the State of Somaliland, before uniting with the Trust Territory of Somalia (the former Italian Somaliland) on July 1, 1960 to form the Somali Republic.

Somaliland is bordered by Ethiopia in the south and west, Djibouti in the northwest, the Gulf of Aden in the north, and the autonomous Puntland region of Somalia to the east.

In 1988, the Siad Barre regime committed massacres against the people of Somaliland, which were among the events that led to the Somali Civil War. The war left the economic and military infrastructure severely damaged. After the collapse of the central government in 1991, the local government, led by the Somali National Movement (SNM), declared independence from the rest of Somalia on May 18 of the same year.

Since then, the territory has been governed by an administration that seeks self-determination as the Republic of Somaliland (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, Arabic: جمهورية صوماللاند‎ Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālilānd). The local government maintains informal ties with some foreign governments, who have sent delegations to Hargeisa. Ethiopia also maintains a trade office in the region. However, Somaliland's self-proclaimed independence remains unrecognised by any country or international organisation.

Read more about Somaliland:  History, Politics and Government, Foreign Relations, Military, Administrative Divisions, Geography, Economy

Other articles related to "somaliland":

Somaliland Constitutional Referendum, 2001 - Aftermath
... The President of Somaliland, Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal, described the referendum as having made Somaliland into a nation and put an end to any question of reuniting with Somalia ... in the referendum, no nation has recognised the independence of Somaliland since then, due to fears over ever increasing numbers of unsustainable small states and the African Union's ...
Somaliland - Culture - Arts
... Other holidays include 26 June and 18 May, which celebrate Somaliland's independence from Britain and Somalia respectively the latter, however, is not ... The traditional dance known as the Ceeyar Somaali in the Somali language is Somaliland's favourite dance ... Also, an important form of art in Somaliland is henna painting (mehndi, Somali Xenna) ...
LGBT Rights In Somaliland
... Homosexuality is a crime in Somaliland, a de facto independent republic which is claimed in whole by Somalia ... Islam is the state religion of Somaliland ...
Somaliland University Of Technology
... University portal The Somaliland University of Technology (SUTECH) (Somali Jaamacadda Teknoolajiyadda Somaliland) is a tertiary academic institution in Hargeisa ...
Somaliland Presidential Election, 2010 - Election - Results
... year anniversary of independence from Britain and Italy, July 1, 2010, the Somaliland National Election Commission announced that Ahmed M ... Silanyo can count on a majority in Somaliland's parliament his party has held since elections in 2005 ... e • d Summary of the 26 June 2010 Somaliland presidential election results Candidate Running mate Party Votes % Ahmed Mahamoud Silanyo Abdirahman Saylici KULMIYE 266,906 49.59 Dahir Riyale Kahin ...

Famous quotes containing the word somaliland:

    It is very considerably smaller than Australia and British Somaliland put together. As things stand at present there is nothing much the Texans can do about this, and ... they are inclined to shy away from the subject in ordinary conversation, muttering defensively about the size of oranges.
    Alex Atkinson, British humor writer. repr. In Present Laughter, ed. Alan Coren (1982)