Severnaya Zemlya

Coordinates: 79°30′N 97°45′E / 79.5°N 97.75°E / 79.5; 97.75 Severnaya Zemlya (Russian: Се́верная Земля́, Northern Land) is an archipelago in the Russian high Arctic. It is located off mainland Siberia's Taymyr Peninsula across the Vilkitsky Strait. This archipelago separates two marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean, the Kara Sea in the west and the Laptev Sea in the east.

Severnaya Zemlya was first noted in 1913 and first charted in 1930–32, making it the last archipelago on Earth to be discovered. Politically, they are part of Russia's Krasnoyarsk Krai region, but are uninhabited by humans except for an Arctic base.

Severnaya Zemlya is notable in connection with the ongoing multi-year shrinkage of the Arctic permanent ice cap. Until recently, the islands were a portion of Eurasia which remained firmly within the grip of the ice even at its smallest extent during the late summer melt season, blocking the Northeast Passage between the Atlantic and Pacific. By the late summer of 2012, however, the permanent ice had reached a record low extent and open water could be found to the north of the archiapelago.

Read more about Severnaya ZemlyaHistory, Main Islands, Minor Islands and Island Groups, Climate, Flora and Fauna, In Fiction

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Cossack Explorers - Alphabetical List - U
... Ushakov explored and completely mapped the Severnaya Zemlya and established that it was an archipelago, discovering a number or major islands ... Urvantsev explored and completely mapped the Severnaya Zemlya and established that it was an archipelago, the last one on Earth to be explored ... Ushakov died in Moscow, but was buried in Severnaya Zemlya ...
Severnaya Zemlya - In Fiction
... The discovery of Severnaya Zemlya is the subject of Veniamin Kaverin's novel, The Two Captains as well as its stage adaptation, Nord-Ost ...
Georgy Ushakov
... In 1930-1932, Ushakov headed the Severnaya Zemlya expedition and established a polar station called Остров Домашний (Domashniy Island) ... Urvantsev were the first ones to explore Severnaya Zemlya and established that it was an archipelago ... of scientists to Franz Josef Land and also to Severnaya Zemlya, the last major piece of unsurveyed territory in the Soviet Arctic ...