Scottish Parliament

The Scottish Parliament (Scottish Gaelic: Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: The Scots Pairliament) is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland, located in the Holyrood area of the capital, Edinburgh. The Parliament, informally referred to as "Holyrood", is a democratically elected body comprising 129 members known as Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs). Members are elected for four-year terms under the mixed member proportional representation system. As a result, 73 MSPs represent individual geographical constituencies elected by the plurality ("first past the post") system, with a further 56 returned from eight additional member regions, each electing seven MSPs. The most recent general election to the Parliament was held on 5 May 2011.

The original Parliament of Scotland (or "Estates of Scotland") was the national legislature of the independent Kingdom of Scotland, and existed from the early 13th century until the Kingdom of Scotland merged with the Kingdom of England under the Acts of Union 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain. As a consequence, the Parliament of Scotland merged with the Parliament of England to form the Parliament of Great Britain, which sat at Westminster in London.

Following a referendum in 1997, in which the Scottish electorate gave their consent, the current Parliament was established by the Scotland Act 1998, which sets out its powers as a devolved legislature. The Act delineates the legislative competence of the Parliament – the areas in which it can make laws – by explicitly specifying powers that are "reserved" to the Parliament of the United Kingdom: all matters that are not explicitly reserved are automatically the responsibility of the Scottish Parliament. The British Parliament retains the ability to amend the terms of reference of the Scottish Parliament, and can extend or reduce the areas in which it can make laws. The first meeting of the new Parliament took place on 12 May 1999.

Read more about Scottish Parliament:  History, Building, Officials, Parliamentary Chamber, Proceedings, Committees, Scrutiny of Government, Members, Constituencies and Voting Systems, Elections, Composition, Criticism

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List Of Political Parties In The United Kingdom By Representation - Scottish Parliament
... represented Last represented Dissolved Maximum representation MSPs Notes Scottish Conservative and Unionist Party 1999 ... Present N/A 19 (2001) Scottish Green Party 1999 ... Present N/A 7 (2003) Scottish Labour ...
Spent Law - United Kingdom - Scottish Parliament
... of Schedule 4 to the Scotland Act 1998 does not prevent an Act of the Scottish Parliament repealing any spent enactment or conferring power by subordinate legislation to do so ...
Scottish Parliament - Criticism - Costs
... costs of the construction of the new Parliament building led to widespread criticism ... Miralles' new Scottish Parliament building opened for business on 7 September 2004, three years late ... on the presumption that the old Royal High School building (since renamed 'New Parliament House') would be used, as had long been assumed ...
Law Enforcement In Scotland - Legal Institutions - Legislature
... Many areas of Scots law are legislated for by the Scottish Parliament, in matters devolved from the Parliament of the United Kingdom ... Areas of Scots law over which the Scottish Parliament has competency include health, education, criminal justice, local government, environment and civil justice amongst others ... The Scottish Parliament also has been granted limited tax raising powers ...
Law Enforcement In Scotland - Sources of Law - Legislation
... The Parliament of the United Kingdom has the power to pass statutes on any issue for Scotland, although under the Sewel convention will not do so in devolved matters without ... Legislation of the Parliament of the United Kingdom is not subject to the review of the courts as the Parliament is said to have supreme legal authority ... The degree to which the Parliament has surrendered this sovereignty is a matter of controversy with arguments generally concerning what the relationship should be between the United Kingdom ...

Famous quotes containing the words parliament and/or scottish:

    A Parliament is that to the Commonwealth which the soul is to the body.... It behoves us therefore to keep the facility of that soul from distemper.
    John Pym (1584–1643)

    We’ll never know the worth of water till the well go dry.
    —18th-century Scottish proverb, collected in James Kelly, Complete Collection of Scottish Proverbs, no. 351 (1721)