Rûm

Rûm (pronounced ˈrüm orˈru̇m), also transliterated as Roum or Rhum (in Koine Greek "Ρωμιοί" or "Romans", in Arabic الرُّومُ ar-Rūm, Persian/Turkish Rum, from Middle Persian Hrom) is a generic term used at different times in Turkey and the Muslim world to refer to:

  • ethnocultural minorities such as the various formerly Koine Greek-speaking Christian diasporas or Greeks living outside of Greece- notably in Asia and the Middle East; members of the Greek Orthodox and Greek Catholic communities of Syria, Lebanon, Northern Israel and the Hatay Province in Southern Turkey whose liturgy is still based on Koine Greek and Ancient Synagogal rites, and, more generally, to non-Muslims of European descent inhabiting Ottoman or Turkish territories
  • geographic areas such as the Balkans and Anatolia generally, to the Byzantine Empire in particular, or to the ancient Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm in Early Medieval Turkey


The name is loaned from the Byzantine-Greek self-designation Ρωμιοί ("Romans"). The city of Rome itself is known in Arabic as روما Rūmā.

Read more about Rûm:  Origins, Ottoman Usage, Modern Usage in Southern Turkey, Syria, Lebanon and The Holy Land, In Islamic Spain

Other related articles:

Rum, Tyrol
... Since World War II, because of proximity to Innsbruck and development of an industrial area in Neu-Rum (New Rum), which abuts the Olympic Village district of the city, its population has greatly increased and it has become one of the richest municipalities in the state ... The Hoch-Rum (Upper Rum) neighbourhood above the old centre of the town was an earlier development and includes a private clinic ...
Bærum KK
... Established in 1935, its only sport is canoe racing ... It is based at Kalvøya outside of Sandvika, and has shared the locality with the rowing club Bærum RK since 1972 ...
Spodi - Variations - Rum Punches
... Bajan (Barbadian) Rum Punch is one of the oldest rum punches and has a simple recipe enshrined in a national rhyme "One of Sour, Two of Sweet, Three of Strong, Four of Weak." That is one part lime juice, two parts sweetener, three parts rum (preferably Barbados), and four parts water ... It is served with a dash or two of Angostura bitters and nutmeg ...