Reason

Reason, is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, for establishing and verifying facts, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information. It is closely associated with such characteristically human activities as philosophy, science, language, mathematics, and art, and is normally considered to be a definitive characteristic of human nature. The concept of reason is sometimes referred to as rationality and sometimes as discursive reason, in opposition to intuitive reason.

Reason or "reasoning" is associated with thinking, cognition, and intellect. Reason, like habit or intuition, is one of the ways by which thinking comes from one idea to a related idea. For example, it is the means by which rational beings understand themselves to think about cause and effect, truth and falsehood, and what is good or bad.

In contrast to reason as an abstract noun, a reason is a consideration which explains or justifies some event, phenomenon or behaviour. The ways in which human beings reason through argument are the subject of inquiries in the field of logic.

Reason is closely identified with the ability to self-consciously change beliefs, attitudes, traditions, and institutions, and therefore with the capacity for freedom and self-determination.

Psychologists and cognitive scientists have attempted to study and explain how people reason, e.g. which cognitive and neural processes are engaged, and how cultural factors affect the inferences that people draw. The field of automated reasoning studies how reasoning may or may not be modeled computationally. Animal psychology considers the controversial question of whether animals can reason.

Read more about Reason:  Etymology and Related Words, Philosophical History, Traditional Problems Raised Concerning Reason

Other articles related to "reason":

Philosophical Fragments - Reviews and Assessments - Existential Point of View
... Miguel de Unamuno, discussed the relation between faith and reason in relation to Kierkegaard's "Postscript" to this book ... And not only do we not believe with reason, nor yet above reason nor below reason, but we believe against reason ... and which assures us that there is always something that cannot be reduced to reason ...
Reason in Particular Fields of Study - Evolution of Reason
... A species could benefit greatly from better abilities to reason about, predict and understand the world ... that there could have been other forces driving the evolution of reason ... This could also help explain why humans, according to Sperber, are not optimized to reason effectively alone ...
Radu Sîrbu - Albums - Heartbeat
... Heartbeat" "Love is not a reason to cry" "Stop hating me" "Doare" "Don't be afraid" "Nu uita" "She is the best song I ever wrote" "Iubirea ca un drog" "Daun-Daha (save my life)" "It's too ...
Rao (Greyhawk) - Dogma
... Rao teaches that the greatest gift is reason, which leads to discourse, which leads to peace, which leads to serenity ... For those who refuse to see reason and resort to violence first, action—governed by reason and wisdom—is required to restore the peace ... difficult challenge calm, implacable, and utterly convinced through the power of reason of the righteousness of their cause ...
The Impossibility Of Reason - Production
... The Impossibility of Reason was recorded with six-string guitars in drop C tuning, a standard that future albums would follow, and deemphasizes electronic effects ... In an interview, described The Impossibility of Reason and compared it with the band's prior release "With the new album we give the listener a feeling like they can’t breathe, the songs pound you ... on the heavy level." The production of The Impossibility of Reason was filmed and would be included on the Dehumanizing Process DVD in October 2004 ...

Famous quotes containing the word reason:

    A poet’s object is not to tell what actually happened but what could or would happen either probably or inevitably.... For this reason poetry is something more scientific and serious than history, because poetry tends to give general truths while history gives particular facts.
    Aristotle (384–323 B.C.)

    Passion persuades me one way, reason another. I see the
    better and approve it, but I follow the worse.
    Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso)

    Wars and revolutions and battles are due simply and solely to the body and its desires. All wars are undertaken for the acquisition of wealth; and the reason why we have to acquire wealth is the body, because we are slaves in its service.
    Socrates (469–399 B.C.)