Programming Language

A programming language is an artificial language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs that control the behavior of a machine and/or to express algorithms precisely.

The earliest programming languages predate the invention of the computer, and were used to direct the behavior of machines such as Jacquard looms and player pianos. Thousands of different programming languages have been created, mainly in the computer field, with many being created every year. Most programming languages describe computation in an imperative style, i.e., as a sequence of commands, although some languages, such as those that support functional programming or logic programming, use alternative forms of description.

The description of a programming language is usually split into the two components of syntax (form) and semantics (meaning). Some languages are defined by a specification document (for example, the C programming language is specified by an ISO Standard), while other languages, such as Perl 5 and earlier, have a dominant implementation that is used as a reference.

Read more about Programming LanguageDefinitions, Elements, Design and Implementation, Usage, Taxonomies

Other articles related to "programming language, language, programming, languages":

List Of Programming Language Researchers
... The following is list of researchers of programming language theory, design, implementation, and related areas ... Abrahams, former president of ACM, developer of SPLASH systems programming language John Backus, leader of the team that developed FORTRAN, developer of BNF Friedrich L ... James Gosling, father of the Java programming language ...
COLA (software Architecture) - Description
... A COLA is designed to be the simplest possible language which can be described in itself, so that the implementation exactly describes itself ... This object system is turned into a useful programming language by complementing it with a functional language describing what each object's methods do ... The methods called from the object language are closures running a functional programming language ...
SAS Language - Components
... SAS Language has separate sub components called the Output Delivery System (ODS), SAS Macro Language, and SAS SQL steps ... The SAS Macro language is used for repeatable steps ... A illustrative example of SAS Macro Language is below ...
Programming Language - History - Consolidation and Growth
... C++ combined object-oriented and systems programming ... The United States government standardized Ada, a systems programming language derived from Pascal and intended for use by defense contractors ... and elsewhere, vast sums were spent investigating so-called "fifth generation" languages that incorporated logic programming constructs ...
System Verilog DPI
... SystemVerilog DPI (Direct Programming Interface) is an interface which can be used to interface SystemVerilog with foreign languages ... These Foreign languages can be C, C++, System C as well as others ... DPIs consist of two layers A SystemVerilog Layer and a Foreign language layer ...

Famous quotes containing the words language and/or programming:

    Please stop using the word “Negro.”... We are the only human beings in the world with fifty-seven variety of complexions who are classed together as a single racial unit. Therefore, we are really truly colored people, and that is the only name in the English language which accurately describes us.
    Mary Church Terrell (1863–1954)

    If there is a price to pay for the privilege of spending the early years of child rearing in the driver’s seat, it is our reluctance, our inability, to tolerate being demoted to the backseat. Spurred by our success in programming our children during the preschool years, we may find it difficult to forgo in later states the level of control that once afforded us so much satisfaction.
    Melinda M. Marshall (20th century)