Some articles on calculus, predicate calculus:
... The formation rules of a propositional calculus may, for instance, take a form such that if we take Φ to be a propositional formula we can also take ¬Φ to be a formula if we take Φ and Ψ to be a ... A predicate calculus will usually include all the same rules as a propositional calculus, with the addition of quantifiers such that if we take Φ to be a formula of propositional logic and α as a variable then we ... Argument Validity Cogency Syllogism Square of opposition Venn diagram Propositional calculus Boolean logic Boolean functions Propositional calculus Propositional formula Logical connectives Truth ...
... This is so that statements which seemingly cannot be expressed in classical first-order predicate calculus, due to their use of tense, modality, adverbial constructions, propositional arguments (e.g ... can in fact be manipulated using only the tools of classical first-order predicate calculus ... This is an advantage because predicate calculus is better understood and simpler than the more complex alternatives (higher-order logics, modal logics ...
... The predicate calculus goes a step further than the propositional calculus to an "analysis of the inner structure of propositions" It breaks a simple sentence down into ... The predicate calculus then generalizes the "subject
Famous quotes containing the words calculus and/or predicate:
“I try to make a rough music, a dance of the mind, a calculus of the emotions, a driving beat of praise out of the pain and mystery that surround me and become me. My poems are meant to make your mind get up and shout.”
—Judith Johnson Sherwin (b. 1936)
“The only thing that one really knows about human nature is that it changes. Change is the one quality we can predicate of it. The systems that fail are those that rely on the permanency of human nature, and not on its growth and development. The error of Louis XIV was that he thought human nature would always be the same. The result of his error was the French Revolution. It was an admirable result.”
—Oscar Wilde (18541900)