Plant Breeding

Plant breeding is the art and science of changing the genetics of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. Plant breeding can be accomplished through many different techniques ranging from simply selecting plants with desirable characteristics for propagation, to more complex molecular techniques (see cultigen and cultivar).

Plant breeding has been practiced for thousands of years, since near the beginning of human civilization. It is now practiced worldwide by individuals such as gardeners and farmers, or by professional plant breeders employed by organizations such as government institutions, universities, crop-specific industry associations or research centers.

International development agencies believe that breeding new crops is important for ensuring food security by developing new varieties that are higher-yielding, resistant to pests and diseases, drought-resistant or regionally adapted to different environments and growing conditions.

Read more about Plant BreedingHistory, Classical Plant Breeding, Modern Plant Breeding, Issues and Concerns, Role of Plant Breeding in Organic Agriculture, Participatory Plant Breeding, List of Notable Plant Breeders

Other articles related to "plant, plant breeding, breeding, plants":

List Of Cornell University Faculty - Natural Sciences and Related Fields - Biology, Ecology, Botany, Nutrition
... Nelson (Associate Professor of Plant Pathology, Plant Breeding and International Agriculture) – MacArthur Fellow, 1998) researcher in crop disease resistance Karl J ... Hyde Bailey Professor in the Department of Plant Biology Katharine Payne (Researcher at Bioacoustics Research Program, Lab of Ornithology) – Whale and ... Tanksley (Liberty Hyde Bailey Professor of Plant Breeding, 1985–) – Plant breeding and agronomy researcher Helen Turley – winemaker Herbert John Webber (Professor, 1907–12) – American plant ...
Gartons Agricultural Plant Breeders - History of The Business - Commercial Success and State Competition
... Gartons Limited was the United Kingdom’s only major agricultural plant breeding company ... of the Committee on Transactions in Seeds set up by Parliament entitled Plant Breeders' Rights stated that whilst two thirds of breeding work was by then carried ... And yet the only non-government funded agricultural crop plant breeding, research and testing establishment visited by the Committee was to Gartons Limited, a fair indication of its dominance ...
Agronomist - Plant Breeding
... This area of agronomy involves selective breeding of plants to produce the best crops under various conditions ... Plant breeding has increased crop yields and has improved the nutritional value of numerous crops, including corn, soybeans, and wheat ... also led to the development of new types of plants ...
Plant Breeding - List of Notable Plant Breeders
... Gartons Agricultural Plant Breeders Norman Borlaug Nazareno Strampelli Luther Burbank Roger Doucet Keith Downey Niels Ebbesen Hansen Gregor Mendel Edward East C.G ...
Physiological And Molecular Wheat Breeding - Further Reading
... Plant Breeding Principle and Prospects ... Crop Breeding ... Principles of Plant Breeding ...

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