Phocomelia (from Greek φώκη = "seal" plus μέλος (plural μέλεα) = "limb") is an extremely rare congenital disorder involving the limbs (dysmelia). Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire coined the term in 1836.

Although various numbers of factors can cause phocomelia, the prominent roots come from the use of the drug thalidomide and from genetic inheritance. The occurrence of this malformation in an individual results in various abnormalities to the face, limbs, ears, nose, vessels and many other underdevelopments. Although operations can be done to fix the abnormality it is difficult due to the lack of nerves, bones, and other related structures.

Read more about Phocomelia:  Treatment, Cases

Other articles related to "phocomelia":

List Of Diseases (P) - Ph - Pho–Pht
... Phocomelia contractures absent thumb Phocomelia ectrodactyly deafness sinus arrhythmia Phocomelia Schinzel type Phocomelia syndrome Phocomelia thrombocytopenia ...
Phocomelia - Cases
... Matthias Buchinger Mat Fraser was born with phocomelia from his mother taking thalidomide while she was pregnant ... Ronan Tynan was born with phocomelia and has competed in the 1984 and 1988 Summer Paralympics Alison Lapper was born with the “limb deficiency” phocomelia ... She has a rarer form of phocomelia, meaning all of her limbs are affected ...