Echinocactus williamsii Lemaire ex Salm-Dyck
Lophophora lewinii (K. Schumann) Rusby
Lophophora echinata Croizat
Lophophora fricii Habermann
L. williamsii var. fricii (Habermann) Grym
L. diffusa subsp. fricii (Habermann) Halda
Lophophora jourdaniana Habermann
Lophophora williamsii ( /loʊˈfɒfərə wɪlˈjæmsiaɪ/) is a small, spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids, particularly mescaline. It is known by many English common names including cactus pudding, devil's-root, diabolic-root, divine cactus, dry-whiskey, dumpling cactus, Indian-dope, mescal-buttons, turnip cactus, Jesus Cum, whiskey cactus, and white-mule. The Spanish common name is peyote ( /pəˈjoʊti/; from the Nahuatl word peyōtl ). Native North Americans are likely to have used peyote for at least 5,500 years.
It is native to southwestern Texas and Mexico. It is found primarily in the Chihuahuan desert and in the states of Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and San Luis Potosi among scrub, especially where there is limestone.
Known for its psychoactive properties when ingested, peyote is used world wide as an entheogen and supplement to various transcendence practices, including meditation, psychonautics, and psychedelic psychotherapy. Peyote has a long history of ritualistic and medicinal use by indigenous Americans. It flowers from March through May, and sometimes as late as September. The flowers are pink, with thigmotactic anthers (like Opuntia).
Other articles related to "peyote":
... test should apply to Oregon's ban on peyote, but disagreed with her that the ban was supported by a compelling interest that was narrowly tailored ... not exempting religious use from its otherwise generally applicable ban on peyote rather than the state's broader interest in "fighting the critical 'war on drugs.'" Blackmun framed the issue as ... Because Oregon had not prosecuted any religious users of peyote, its "asserted interest thus amounts only to the symbolic preservation of an unfettered prohibition ...
... For instance, the government included peyote among strong drugs that were illegal on the open market because of its hallucinogenic properties and general problems with drug abuse ... But, the Peyote Indians traditionally had used peyote cactus as central to their religious rituals and practices, where use took place within orderly structures ... Religion Act of 1993 was passed that the Peyote Indians could lawfully again use the peyote cactus in their religious celebrations ...
... though the experience is not unlike peyote ... This species looks almost identical to peyote, though it is legal to possess in the United States ... The mescaline content in dried "Peyote" can reach almost 7% ...
... on Psychotropic Substances allows nations to exempt certain traditional uses of peyote from prohibition A State on whose territory there are plants growing wild ... However, this exemption would apply only if the peyote cactus were ever explicitly added to the Schedules of the Psychotropic Convention ... Peyote and other psychedelic plants are neither listed nor regulated by the Convention ...
... ancient and deeply spiritual religious practice using peyote ... Peyote is a psychoactive substance that is found on a cactus and it is used for healing practices and in religious ceremony ... Indian Church argue that the use of peyote allows for a direct connection with gods and that peyote is not taken simply for its psychoactive effects ...