Permanent Residence (United States)

Permanent Residence (United States)

United States lawful permanent residency refers to a person's immigration status: the person is authorized to live and work in the United States of America on a permanent basis.

A United States Permanent Resident Card (USCIS Form I-551), formerly Alien Registration Card or Alien Registration Receipt Card (INS Form I-151), is an identification card attesting to the permanent resident status of an alien in the United States. It is known informally as a green card because it had been green in color from 1946 until 1964, and it has reverted to that color since May 2010. Green card also refers to an immigration process of becoming a permanent resident. The green card serves as proof that its holder, a lawful permanent resident (LPR), has been officially granted immigration benefits, which include permission to reside and take employment in the United States. The holder must maintain permanent resident status, and can be removed from the United States if certain conditions of this status are not met.

Green cards were formerly issued by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (Pub. L. No. 107–296, 116 Stat. 2135) dismantled INS and separated the former agency into three components within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The first, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) handles applications for immigration benefits. Two other agencies were created to oversee the INS' former functions of immigration enforcement and border security, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and Customs and Border Protection (CBP), respectively.

Permanent residents of the United States eighteen years of age or older must carry their valid physical green card itself at all times. Failing to do so would be a violation of the Immigration and Nationality Act, carrying the possibility of a fine up to $100 and/or imprisonment for up to 30 days for each offense. Only the federal government can impose these penalties.

Read more about Permanent Residence (United States):  Reading A Permanent Resident Card, Path To U.S. Citizenship, Types of Immigration, Application Process, Conditional Permanent Residence, Abandonment or Loss of Permanent Residence Status, Visa-free Travel For Green Card Holders

Other articles related to "permanent":

Permanent Residence (United States) - Visa-free Travel For Green Card Holders
... Note This list excludes countries that allow visa free travel with valid U.S ... Visas e.g ... Costa Rica,Dominican Republic,Mexico,Panama)Bahamas 30 days Belize PermanentResidents of the USA can obtain a visa on arrival,provided obtaining prior approval from Belizean Immigration Fee USD 50) ...

Famous quotes containing the words residence and/or permanent:

    If you would feel the full force of a tempest, take up your residence on the top of Mount Washington, or at the Highland Light, in Truro.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    The English were very backward to explore and settle the continent which they had stumbled upon. The French preceded them both in their attempts to colonize the continent of North America ... and in their first permanent settlement ... And the right of possession, naturally enough, was the one which England mainly respected and recognized in the case of Spain, of Portugal, and also of France, from the time of Henry VII.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)