PC Card

In computing, PC Card is a form factor peripheral interface designed for laptop computers, superseded by CardBus in 1995 and then ExpressCard in 2003. Originally known as PCMCIA Card, short for Personal Computer Memory Card International Association, the PC Card standard as well as its successors were defined and developed by the Personal Computer Memory Card International Association (PCMCIA), which itself was created by a number of computer industry companies in 1986 by Jacob D. Holm. It was originally designed as a standard for memory-expansion cards to compete with the JEIDA memory card standard developed in Japan. In 1991 the two standards merged as JEIDA 4.1 or PCMCIA 2.0 (PC Card).

PC Card was originally designed for computer storage expansion, but the existence of a usable general standard for notebook peripherals led to many kinds of devices being made available based on the form factor, including network cards, modems, and hard disks. The cards were also used in early digital SLR cameras, such as the Kodak DCS 300 series. However, their original use as storage expansion is no longer common.

Many notebooks in the 1990s had two adjacent type-II slots, which allowed installation of two type-II cards or one, double-thickness, type-III card. The PC card port has been superseded by the ExpressCard interface, though some manufacturers such as Dell continued to offer them into 2012 on their ruggedized XFR notebooks .

Read more about PC Card:  Summary, Name, Card Types, Card Information Structure, CardBus, CardBay, Descendants and Variants, Technological Obsolescence

Other articles related to "card, cards, pc card":

P2 (storage Media)
... The P2 card is essentially a RAID of Secure Digital (SD) memory cards with an LSI controller tightly packaged in a die-cast PC Card (formerly PCMCIA) enclosure, so data transfer rate increases as memory capacity ... The cards can also be used directly where a PC card (PCMCIA) slot is available, as in most older notebook computers, as a normal hard disk drive, although a custom software driver must first be loaded ... As of early 2010, P2 cards are available in capacities of 4, 8, 16, 32 and 64 GB ...
Comparison Of Open-source Wireless Drivers - Driver Capabilities - FreeBSD
802.11n Cardbus, PCI, Mini PCI Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes awi N/A PC Card ? ? ? ? Yes Yes bwi 802.11b, 802.11g Cardbus, PCI Yes Yes Yes Yes No No cnw N/A Cardbus ? ? ? ? ? ? ipw 802.11b Mini PCI Yes Yes Yes ...
PC Card - Technological Obsolescence
... USB devices are available for almost all functions the PC Card originally provided ... The ExpressCard, which replaced the PC Card, contains a PCIe 1x and a USB 2.0 interface ...
... laptop computing, the XJACK is a type of extendable connector or antenna for a type II PC card, designed by the Megahertz subsidiary of 3Com ... When not in use, the XJACK retracts into the PC card for storage ... XJACK was originally used in modem and network cards, to attach a standard RJ11 or 8P8C plug directly to the PC card ...

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