Pathology is the precise study and diagnosis of disease. The word pathology is from Ancient Greek πάθος, pathos, "feeling, suffering"; and -λογία, -logia, "the study of". Pathologization, to pathologize, refers to the process of defining a condition or behavior as pathological, e.g. pathological gambling. Pathologies is synonymous with diseases. The suffix "path" is used to indicate a disease, e.g. psychopath.
Pathology addresses 4 components of disease: cause/etiology, mechanisms of development (pathogenesis), structural alterations of cells (morphologic changes), and the consequences of changes (clinical manifestations).
Pathology is further separated into divisions, based on either the system being studied (e.g. veterinary pathology and animal disease) or the focus of the examination (e.g. forensic pathology and determining the cause of death).
General pathology is a broad and complex scientific field which seeks to understand the mechanisms of injury to cells and tissues, as well as the body's means of responding to and repairing injury. Areas of study include cellular adaptation to injury, necrosis, inflammation, wound healing, and neoplasia. It forms the foundation of pathology, the application of this knowledge to diagnose diseases in humans and animals.
The term general pathology is also used to describe the practice of both anatomical and clinical pathology.
Read more about Pathology: History, Anatomical Pathology, Clinical Pathology, Dermatopathology, Hematopathology, Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Forensic Pathology, Veterinary Pathology, Plant Pathology, Molecular Pathology, Pathology As A Medical Specialty
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... After his habilitation 1894, Ludwig Aschoff was appointed professor for pathology at the University of Göttingen in 1901 ... Aschoff was interested in the pathology and pathophysiology of the heart ... "Pathology of constitution" invented by him became a special branch of research of National Socialist doctors under the name of "military pathology" ...
... Pathology is a core discipline of medical school and many pathologists are also teachers ... Although the medical practice of pathology grew out of the tradition of investigative pathology, most modern pathologists do not perform original research ... Pathology is a unique medical specialty ...
... Soft tissue pathology is the subspecialty of surgical pathology which deals with the diagnosis and characterization of neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases of the soft ... tools such as immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, and molecular pathology techniques are sometimes employed to obtain a definitive diagnosis ...
... The American Journal of Surgical Pathology is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering surgical pathology ...
Famous quotes containing the word pathology:
“It is often said that Poland is a country where there is anti-semitism and no Jews, which is pathology in its purest state.”
—Bronislaw Geremek (b. 1932)