Outline of Neuroscience - Neuron

Structure of a typical neuron
Dendrite Soma Axon Nucleus Node of
Ranvier Axon terminal Schwann cell Myelin sheath

A neuron (also known as a neurone or nerve cell) is an excitable cell in the nervous system that processes and transmits information by electrochemical signaling. Neurons are the core components of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves.

  • Soma
  • Axon
  • Myelin
  • Dendrite
  • Dendritic spine

Read more about this topic:  Outline Of Neuroscience

Other articles related to "neuron, neurons":

Spinal Neuron
... A spinal neuron is a neuron in the spinal cord. ...
Madras Motor Neuron Disease
... Madras motor neuron disease is a form of motor neuron disease closely related to the Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere and Boltshauser syndromes ...
Neuron - Nerve Regeneration
... However, more recent studies of the age of human neurons suggest that this process occurs only for a minority of cells, and the overwhelming majority of neurons comprising the neocortex ...
Spatio Temporal Receptive Field
... The spatio temporal receptive field (STRF) of a neuron represents which types of stimuli excite or inhibit that neuron ... If linearity is assumed, the neuron can be modelled as having a time-varying firing rate equal to the convolution of the stimulus with the STRF ...
Summation (neurophysiology) - Types
... At any given moment, a neuron may be receiving postsynaptic potentials from thousands of other neurons ... is dependent upon the spatial (from multiple neurons) and temporal summation (from a single neuron) of all inputs at that moment ... The closer a synapse is to the cell body of a neuron, the greater the influence on the final summation ...