Nous

Nous (British: /ˈnaʊs/; US: /ˈnuːs/), sometimes equated to intellect or intelligence, is a philosophical term for the faculty of the human mind which is described in classical philosophy as necessary for understanding what is true or real, similar in meaning to intuition. It is also often described as a form of perception which works within the mind ("the mind's eye"), rather than only through the physical senses. The three commonly used philosophical terms are from Greek, νοῦς or νόος, and Latin intellectus and intelligentia respectively.

In philosophy, common English translations include "understanding" and "mind"; or sometimes "reason" and "thought". To describe the activity of this faculty, apart from verbs based on "understanding", the verb "intellection" is sometimes used in philosophical contexts, and the Greek words noēsis and noein are sometimes also used. In colloquial British English, nous denotes "common sense", which is close to the original everyday meaning it had in Ancient Greece.

Apart from referring to a faculty of the human mind, this philosophical concept has often been extended to describe the source of order in nature itself.

Read more about Nous:  Introduction: nous in Philosophy, Pre-Socratic Usage, Plotinus and Neoplatonism, Gnosticism, Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Averroist Philosophy, Christianity, Early Modern Philosophy, More Recent Modern Philosophy and Science

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