The Northern Constabulary (Scottish Gaelic: Poileas a' Chinn a Tuath) is the territorial police force responsible for Northern Scotland, covering the Highland council area along with the Western Isles, the Orkney Isles and the Shetland Isles, which comprise most of the Highlands and Islands area. It is the police force covering the largest geographical area in the United Kingdom, equivalent to the size of Belgium, but is one of the smallest in terms of officers, with about 715 officers.
The current police force was formed on 16 May 1975 as a merger of the pre-existing Northern Constabulary, the Ross and Sutherland Constabulary (itself a merger of Ross and Cromarty Constabulary and Sutherland Constabulary) and the Inverness Constabulary (a merger of Inverness Burgh Police and Inverness-shire Constabulary), along with the northernmost portion of the Argyll County Police area, and the Nairn part of the Scottish North East Counties Constabulary. The previous Northern Constabulary had been created in 1969 by the merger of the Caithness Constabulary, Orkney Constabulary and Zetland Constabulary.
The new Northern Constabulary was created at the same time as local government reorganisation created the Highland regional council and the islands councils of the Western Isles, the Orkney Isles and the Shetland Isles. The rest of the Argyll County Police was merged into the Strathclyde Police, and the rest of the Scottish North East Counties Constabulary into the Grampian Police.
The Northern Constabulary area is also the area covered by the Highlands and Islands Fire and Rescue Service.
In order to help keep decision-making as local as possible, Northern has been at the forefront nationally in Devolved Resource Management (DRM) for many years. The Chief Constable allocates one-line budgets to each of his Area Commanders, closely monitoring progress across a range of indicators, over the year, through regular Performance Review and Performance Review Boards.
An Act of the Scottish Parliament, the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012, will create a single Police Service of Scotland with effect from 1 April 2013. This will merge the eight regional police forces in Scotland (including Northern Constabulary), together with the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcement Agency, into a single service covering the whole of Scotland. The Police Service of Scotland will have its headquarters at the Scottish Police College at Tulliallan in Fife.
Other articles related to "northern constabulary, constabulary":
... The police investigation, carried out by the Northern Constabulary, was considered flawed ... Northern Constabulary named a suspect in a report to the procurator fiscal in October 2006, but the Crown Office declared there was insufficient evidence to go to ... However, a spokeswoman for Northern Constabulary said that after studying aerial photographs taken by the RAF during the construction of the A9, they were satisfied the bodies were not buried under ...
... Until the early 21st century, the uniform consisted of a white shirt, black tie and a stab-proof vest ... Northern Constabulary was the last police force in Scotland using shirts and ties ...
... Inverness Constabulary was a police force in Scotland that covered the entirety of the county of Inverness-shire ... the Inverness Burgh Police and the Inverness-shire Constabulary ... Inverness Constabulary merged with the Northern Constabulary and the Ross and Sutherland Constabulary on 16 May 1975, as part of the creation of the regions of Scotland ...