Niger Delta

The Niger Delta, the delta of the Niger River in Nigeria, is a very densely populated region sometimes called the Oil Rivers because it was once a major producer of palm oil. The area was the British Oil Rivers Protectorate from 1885 until 1893, when it was expanded and became the Niger Coast Protectorate.

The Niger Delta, as now defined officially by the Nigerian government, extends over about 70,000 km² and makes up 7.5% of Nigeria’s land mass. Historically and cartographically, it consists of present day Bayelsa, Delta, and Rivers States. In 2000, however, Obansanjo's regime included Abia, Akwa-Ibom, Cross River State, Edo, Imo and Ondo States in the region. Some 31 million people of more than 40 ethnic groups including the Bini, Efik, Ibibio, Annang, Oron, Ijaw, Itsekiri, Isoko, Urhobo, Ukwuani, and Kalabari, are among the inhabitants in the Niger Delta, speaking about 250 different dialects.

The Niger Delta, and the "South South Zone", which includes Akwa Ibom State, Bayelsa State, Cross River State, Delta State, Edo State and Rivers State are two different entities. While the Niger Delta is the oil producing region the South South Zone is a geo-political zone.

The delta is an oil-rich region, and has been the centre of international controversy over devastating pollution and ecocide, kleptocracy (notably by the Abacha regime), and human rights violations in which Royal Dutch Shell has been implicated.

Read more about Niger Delta:  Niger Delta Struggle, Western (or Northern) Niger Delta, Central Niger Delta, Eastern Niger Delta, Nigerian Oil, Oil Revenue Derivation, Recent Crisis, Media

Other articles related to "niger delta, delta":

Niger River Delta - Nigerian Oil
... Some 2 million barrels (320,000 m3) a day are extracted in the Niger Delta ... It is estimated that 38 billion barrels of crude oil still reside under the delta as of early 2012 ... Much of the natural gas extracted in oil wells in the Delta is immediately burned, or flared, into the air at a rate of approximately 70 million m³per day ...
Shell Nigeria - Human Rights Controversies
... See also Conflict in the Niger Delta In the 1990s tensions arose between the native Ogoni people of the Niger Delta and Shell ... December 2003, Shell Nigeria acknowledged that the conflict in the Niger Delta makes it difficult to operate safely and with integrity and that "we sometimes feed conflict by the way we award contracts, gain ... that was expected to reveal extensive details of Shell's and MOSOP's activities in the Niger Delta ...
Henry Okah
... (born 1965) is the assumed Nigerian guerrilla leader of the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) a title he denies ... for attacks on oil companies operating in the Niger Delta, often through the use of sabotage, guerilla warfare or kidnapping of foreign oil workers ... The rebels' goal is to destabilize the foreign oil interest in the Niger Delta, who they claim have been exploiting the local populace ...
Niger Delta - Media
... April 2009 at the Full Frame Documentary Film Festival, tells the story of Nigeria’s Niger Delta ...
Timeline Of Nigerian History - 20th Century
19 December Obasanjo ordered the Nigerian Armed Forces to raid the town of Odi in the Niger Delta, in response to the murder of twelve policemen by local militia. 5 June The Obasanjo administration established the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) to tackle human and ecological issues in the Niger Delta region of southern ...