In the study of partial differential equations, the **MUSCL scheme** is a finite volume method that can provide highly accurate numerical solutions for a given system, even in cases where the solutions exhibit shocks, discontinuities, or large gradients. MUSCL stands for *Monotone Upstream-centered Schemes for Conservation Laws*, and the term was introduced in a seminal paper by Bram van Leer (van Leer, 1979). In this paper he constructed the first *high-order*, *total variation diminishing* (TVD) scheme where he obtained second order spatial accuracy.

The idea is to replace the piecewise constant approximation of Godunov's scheme by reconstructed states, derived from cell-averaged states obtained from the previous time-step. For each cell, slope limited, reconstructed left and right states are obtained and used to calculate fluxes at the cell boundaries (edges). These fluxes can, in turn, be used as input to a *Riemann solver*, following which the solutions are averaged and used to advance the solution in time. Alternatively, the fluxes can be used in *Riemann-solver-free* schemes, such as the *Kurganov and Tadmor scheme* outlined below.

Read more about MUSCL Scheme: Linear Reconstruction, Kurganov and Tadmor Central Scheme, Piecewise Parabolic Reconstruction, Example: 1D Euler Equations

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### Famous quotes containing the word scheme:

“Your *scheme* must be the framework of the universe; all other schemes will soon be ruins.”

—Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)