Millo

The Millo was a structure in Jerusalem first mentioned in the book of 2 Samuel 5:9 and corresponding passages in the Books of Chronicles and the Books of Kings,. However it is mentioned as being part of the city of David and seems to have been a rampart built by the Jebusites prior to Jerusalem's being conquered by the Israelites. The texts also describe a Millo built by Solomon and repaired by Hezekiah, without giving an explanation of what exactly the Millo was. There is some debate among scholars as to the Millo's specific nature. The most common assumption among archaeologists and historians of ancient Israel is that the Millo is the Stepped Stone Structure uncovered by Kathleen Kenyon and demonstrated by Eilat Mazar to be connected to the recently uncovered Large Stone Structure.

A recent excavation by Eilat Mazar directly above the Stepped Stone Structure shows that the structure connects with and supports the Large Stone Structure. Mazar presents evidence that the Large Stone Structure was an Israelite royal palace in continuous use from the tenth century until 586 BCE. Her conclusion that the stepped stone structure and the large stone structure are parts of a single, massive royal palace makes sense of the biblical reference to the millo as the House of Millo in II Kings 12:21 and II Chronicles 24:25 as the place where King Joash was assassinated in 799 BCE while he slept in his bed. Millo is derived from "fill," (Hebrew milui). The stepped stone support structure is built of fills.

In the Book of Samuel, Millo is mentioned as boundary of King David's construction while building up the City of David after the capture of Jerusalem from the Jebusites. The King James Version (translation into English) footnotes Millo as literally, "The Landfill," while the New International Version translates it to "supporting terraces."

Hezekiah's repair of the Millo is mentioned within a list of repairs to military fortifications, and several scholars generally believe that it was something connected to military activity, such as a tower, citadel, or simply a significant part of a wall. However, taking into account that the potentially cognate term mulu, from Assyrian, refers to earthworks, it is considered more likely that it was an embankment which flattened the slope between Ophel and the Temple Mount.

Other articles related to "millo":

Aprile Millo - Background and Early Career
... Aprile Millo was born in New York City, the daughter of two opera singers, tenor Giovanni Millo (John Hamill) and soprano Margherita Girosi ... Millo became interested in music at an early age and received her musical education primarily from her parents ... After leaving the San Diego Opera, Millo sang her first major role, the title role of Verdi's Aida, with Utah Opera in the Fall of 1980 ...
Aprile Millo
... Aprile Millo (born April 14, 1958) is an American operatic soprano of Italian and Irish ancestry who is particularly admired for her interpretations of ... a spinto voice of power, warmth and temperament, Millo became one of the most celebrated opera singers of the late twentieth century ... and with many orchestras and ensembles internationally, Millo has spent much of her career appearing in productions at the Metropolitan Opera ...
Aprile Millo - Critical Reception
... Millo is noted for the beauty of her voice and her nuanced interpretation ... Henahan wrote in the New York times of Millo's performance in Don Carlo "Miss Millo sounds more and more like the Verdi soprano we’ve been waiting for." Later in 1986 (June 18 ... Rockwell wrote, "Miss Millo has a real Verdi sound...her darkly yet delicately colored lower voice, full of urgency in the phrasing, and her overall mastery of this role from a technical and interpretive ...
Sebastian Hardie - History - After The Separation
... Millo worked with Jon English on the 1978 TV series Against the Wind soundtrack, and the associated single "Six Ribbons" peaked at No ... Millo also released solo albums Epic III in November 1979, Human Games in March 1983 and Oceans of the Mind in 2002 ... in 1994 — with the Plavsic brothers, Millo and Pilt — to perform at a progressive rock festival, ProgFest, in Los Angeles, which was recorded and eventually ...