Midwifery

Midwifery is a health care profession in which providers offer care to childbearing women during pregnancy, labour and birth, and during the postpartum period. They also help care for the newborn and assist the mother with breastfeeding.

A practitioner of midwifery is known as a midwife, a term used in reference to both women and men, although the majority of midwives are female. In addition to providing care to women during pregnancy and birth, many midwives also provide primary care to women, well-woman care related to reproductive health, annual gynecological exams, family planning, and menopausal care.

In the term midwife, the morpheme -wife is pronounced as expected ( /waɪf/), but midwifery is normally pronounced /mɪdˈwɪfᵊri/ (mid-WIF-(ə)ree).

Midwives are specialists in low-risk pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum, although they are trained to recognize and deal with deviations from the norm as well as certain high risk situations. Obstetricians, in contrast, are specialists in illness related to childbearing and in surgery. The two professions can be complementary, but may be at odds in some countries, where obstetricians are taught to "actively manage" labor, while midwives are taught not to intervene unless necessary. Most midwives are familiar with the process of physiological management and the use of gravity in aiding the process of labor.

Midwives refer women to general practitioners or obstetricians when a pregnant woman requires care beyond the midwives' area of expertise. In many parts of the world, these professions work together to provide care to childbearing women. In others, only the midwife is available to provide care. Midwives are trained to handle certain more difficult deliveries, including breech births, twin births and births where the baby is in a posterior position, using non-invasive techniques.

For low risk births, compared with obstetricians, midwives offer lower maternity care cost, lower intervention rates, reduced mortality and morbidity as a result of fewer interventions, and fewer recovery complications.

Read more about Midwifery:  Definition, Etymology, Early Historical Perspective, Later Historical Perspective, United States, United Kingdom, India, Canada, New Zealand, Ireland, Netherlands, Japan, Balochistan (Tribal Pakistan), Mozambique

Other articles related to "midwifery":

Mary Cronk
... is an independent midwife from England who was awarded her MBE for services to midwifery over her many years of practice ... Mary also became involved in the political side of midwifery when she joined English National Board of the United Kingdom Central Council for Nursing ... She has also written many articles on midwifery which have covered a variety topics, such as the delivery of breech babies, and these have been published in Midwifery Matters ...
Childbirth And Obstetrics In Antiquity - Midwifery
... Midwifery flourished in ancient civilizations, including Egypt, Byzantium, Mesopotamia, and the Mediterranean empires of Greece and Rome ... practitioners Herophilus wrote a manual for midwives, an advance for midwifery's status ... To obtain good midwifery habits, she will be well disciplined and always sober, have a quiet disposition sharing many life secrets, must not be greedy for money, be free of ...
Barbara Katz Rothman - Journals and Popular Media
... Problems, Virtual Mentor of the AMA, MIDIRS Midwifery Digest, Annual Review of Health Sciences of Australia, The Japanese Midwifery Journal, The MT ... and Reproductive Biology, MAMM, Conscience, Midwifery Today, Legal Affairs ...
Midwifery - Traditional, Non-Western Societies - Maya of Guatemala
... cultural change and continuity in San Pedro and in local midwifery practices as related to the life and work of a renowned local iyom.) ...
Grantham And Kesteven Hospital - Facilities - Maternity Unit
... In early 1999, a midwifery-led unit (Midwifery Managed Unit) opened to offer a limited maternity service for (predicted) low risk births ... The University of Nottingham's School of Nursing, midwifery and physiotherapy department has its Grantham Education Site at the hospital, which is a part of the Boston Education Centre ...