According to the World Health Organization (WHO), maternal death is defined as the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes."
Generally, there is a distinction between a direct maternal death that is the result of a complication of the pregnancy, delivery, or management of the two, and an indirect maternal death that is a pregnancy-related death in a patient with a preexisting or newly developed health problem unrelated to pregnancy. Fatalities during but unrelated to a pregnancy are termed accidental, incidental, or nonobstetrical maternal deaths.
The U.S. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations calls maternal mortality a "sentinel event", and uses it to assess the quality of a health care system.
However, a number of issues need to be recognized. First of all, the WHO definition is only one of many; other definitions may also include accidental and incidental causes. Cases with "incidental causes" include deaths secondary to violence against women that may be related to the pregnancy and be affected by the socioeconomic and cultural environment. Also, it has been reported that about 10% of maternal deaths may occur late, that is after 42 days after a termination or delivery, thus, some definitions extend the time period of observation to one year after the end of the gestation.
Read more about Maternal Death: Major Causes, Associated Risk Factors, How Can Women's Lives Be Saved?, Maternal Mortality Numbers, Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR), International Community Reaction, Maternal Death Rates in The 20th Century
Other articles related to "maternal death, death, deaths, maternal deaths":
... By US statistics risk of maternal death by abortion is lower than childbirth through at least 21 weeks' gestation ...
... of live birth indicates that 20 child are born for every 1,000.00 population, while death records showed that 4 died for every 1,000 ... According to the report of the MHO with the total death, 99% or 156 had medical attendance ... Of the seven infant deaths three died of Pneumonia, two died of unknown cause and two on stillbirths ...
... The death rate for women giving birth plummeted in the 20th century ... The historical level of maternal deaths is probably around 1 in 100 births ... At the beginning of the 1900s, maternal death rates were around 1 in 100 for live births ...
Famous quotes containing the words death and/or maternal:
“Sin their conception, their birth weeping,
Their life a general mist of error,
Their death a hideous storm of terror.”
—John Webster (c. 15801638)
“Mothers have as powerful an influence over the welfare of future generations, as all other causes combined.”
—John Abbott. The Mother at Home; or the Principles of Maternal Duty, John Abbott, Crocker and Brewster (1833)