Martin Luther ( ; 10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German monk, priest, professor of theology and important figure of the Protestant Reformation. He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from God's punishment for sin could be purchased with money. He confronted indulgence salesman Johann Tetzel with his Ninety-Five Theses in 1517. His refusal to retract all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Emperor.
Luther taught that salvation is not earned by good deeds but received only as a free gift of God's grace through faith in Jesus Christ as redeemer from sin. His theology challenged the authority of the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church by teaching that the Bible is the only source of divinely revealed knowledge and opposed sacerdotalism by considering all baptized Christians to be a holy priesthood. Those who identify with Luther's teachings are called Lutherans.
His translation of the Bible into the vernacular (instead of Latin) made it more accessible, causing a tremendous impact on the church and on German culture. It fostered the development of a standard version of the German language, added several principles to the art of translation, and influenced the translation into English of the King James Bible. His hymns influenced the development of singing in churches. His marriage to Katharina von Bora set a model for the practice of clerical marriage, allowing Protestant priests to marry.
In his later years, while suffering from several illnesses and deteriorating health, Luther became increasingly antisemitic, writing that Jewish homes should be destroyed, their synagogues burned, money confiscated and liberty curtailed. These statements have contributed to his controversial status.
Read more about Martin Luther: The Start of The Reformation, Diet of Worms, At Wartburg Castle, Return To Wittenberg and Peasants' War, Marriage, Organising The Church, Translation of The Bible, Hymns, On The Soul After Death, Depiction of Luther, Final Years and Death, Works and Editions
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... At the heart of the debate about Luther's influence is whether it is anachronistic to view his work as a precursor of the racial antisemitism of the Nazis ... Some scholars see Luther's influence as limited, and the Nazis' use of his work as opportunistic ... Hans Hillerbrand argues that to focus on Luther's role in the development of German antisemitism is to underestimate the "larger peculiarities of German history." Martin Brecht argues that there is a world of ...
... Some could interpret the portrayal of Martin Luther returning to Wittenberg, which occurred in early 1522, as his approving of the radical changes instigated by Andreas Karlstadt the year ... However, historically, Luther opposed some of the changes as well as the rashness of the changes he did approve of ...
... Martin Luther was troubled by four New Testament books Jude, James, Hebrews, and Revelation and though he placed them in a secondary position relative to the ... Martin Luther proposed removing these Antilegomena, the books of Hebrews, James, Jude and Revelation from the canon, echoing the consensus of some Catholics ... However, these books are ordered last in the German-language Luther Bible to this day ...
... Martin Luther McCoy is an American musician and actor ... McCoy goes by the stage name of "Martin Luther" in his music career ... Martin Luther developed his mix of musical genres as a child where he was raised on choir hymns through his religious parents ...
... be found through Sister Regina and another person by the name of Martin Luther ... Eli reveals that the Martin Luther in question was the Nazi director of the German Foreign Office, which collaborated with European governments to ... conclude that there must be some connection between Nazi leader Martin Luther and the Convent of the Sacred Heart ...
Famous quotes by martin luther:
“Away in a manger, no crib for a bed,
The little Lord Jesus laid down His sweet head.
The stars in the bright sky looked down where He lay
The little Lord Jesus asleep in the hay.”
—Martin Luther (14831546)