Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp (28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968; ) was a French artist whose work is most often associated with the Dadaist and Surrealist movements. Considered by some to be one of the most important artists of the 20th century, Duchamp's output influenced the development of post-World War I Western art. He advised modern art collectors, such as Peggy Guggenheim and other prominent figures, thereby helping to shape the tastes of Western art during this period.

Duchamp challenged conventional thought about artistic processes and art marketing, not so much by writing, but through subversive actions. He famously dubbed a urinal art and named it Fountain, though in a 1917 letter to his sister Duchamp indicates that a female friend, possibly the Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven, conceived of the urinal as sculpture and sent it to him under the pseudonym Richard Mutt. Duchamp produced relatively few artworks, while moving quickly through the avant-garde circles of his time.

The creative act is not performed by the artist alone; the spectator brings the work in contact with the external world by deciphering and interpreting its inner qualifications and thus adds his contribution to the creative act. - Marcel Duchamp

Duchamp went on to abandon art and devoted the rest of his life to chess.

Read more about Marcel DuchampEarly Life, Early Work, Leaving "retinal Art" Behind, Readymades, The Large Glass, Kinetic Works, Musical Ideas, Rrose Sélavy, Transition From Art To Chess, Later Artistic Involvement, Relationships and Marriages, Etant Donnés, Death and Burial, Legacy

Other articles related to "marcel duchamp, duchamp":

Thierry De Duve - Bibliography
... Published in English "Pictorial Nominalism On Marcel Duchamp's Passage from Painting to the Readymade" Minneapolis University of Minnesota Press, 1991 ... (with Polan, D.) "The Definitively Unfinished Marcel Duchamp", MIT Press, Cambridge, 1993 ... Brian Holmes Editions Dis Voir, 1996 "Kant After Duchamp", Cambridge MIT Press, 1998, 484 p ...
Apollo 440 - Tributes - Marcel Duchamp
... The title and cover art of the album Dude Descending a Staircase are parodies of Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 by Marcel Duchamp ...
Marcel Duchamp - Legacy
... A quotation erroneously attributed to Duchamp suggests a negative attitude toward later trends in 20th-century art This Neo-Dada, which they call New Realism, Pop Art, Assemblage, etc ... Although a marginal note in the letter suggests that Duchamp generally approved of the statement, Richter did not make the distinction clear until many years later ... Duchamp's attitude was actually more favorable, as evidenced by another statement made in 1964 Pop Art is a return to "conceptual" painting, virtually ...
Portrait Of Marcel Duchamp
... "Portrait of Marcel Duchamp" is a 1919 work of art by Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven ... It is an example of readymade art, a term coined by Marcel Duchamp in 1915 to describe his found art ... "Portrait of Marcel Duchamp" is an amalgamation of broken wine glasses, assorted feathers, tree twigs, and other unidentifiable objects ...
Modernism - After World War II (mainly The Visual and Performing Arts) - Minimalism - Neo-Dada
... In the early 20th century Marcel Duchamp exhibited a urinal as a sculpture ... This and Duchamp's other works are generally labelled as Dada ... Duchamp can be seen as a precursor to conceptual art, other famous examples being John Cage's 4'33", which is four minutes and thirty three seconds of silence, and Rauschenberg's Erased de ...

Famous quotes containing the words marcel duchamp and/or duchamp:

    I have forced myself to contradict myself in order to avoid conforming to my own taste.
    Marcel Duchamp (1887–1968)

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