Magnesium Sulfate

Magnesium sulfate (or magnesium sulphate) is an inorganic salt (chemical compound) containing magnesium, sulfur and oxygen, with the formula MgSO4. It is often encountered as the heptahydrate sulfate mineral epsomite (MgSO4ยท7H2O), commonly called Epsom salt, named for a bitter saline spring from the town of Epsom in Surrey, England, where the salt was produced from the springs that arise where the porous chalk of the North Downs meets non-porous London clay. Epsom salt occurs naturally as a pure mineral. Another hydrate form is kieserite.

Anhydrous magnesium sulfate is used as a drying agent. Since the anhydrous form is hygroscopic (readily absorbs water from the air) and is therefore difficult to weigh accurately, the hydrate is often preferred when preparing solutions, for example in medical preparations. Epsom salt has been traditionally used as a component of bath salts. Epsom salt can also be used as a beauty product. Athletes use it to soothe sore muscles, while gardeners use it to improve crops. It has a variety of other uses.

Read more about Magnesium SulfateProperties, Hydrates, Manufacturing, Occurrence, Applications

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Pre-eclampsia - Treatment and Prevention - Magnesium Sulfate
... or eclampsia can be stabilized temporarily with magnesium sulfate intravenously to forestall seizures while steroid injections are administered to promote fetal lung maturation ... Magnesium sulfate as a possible treatment was considered at least as far back as 1955, but only in recent years did its use in the UK replace the use of diazepam or phenytoin ... Evidence for the use of magnesium sulfate came from the international MAGPIE study ...
Calcium Gluconate - Uses - Magnesium Sulfate Overdose
... It is also used to counteract an overdose of magnesium sulfate, which is often administered to pregnant women in order to prophylactically prevent seizures (as in a patient experiencing preeclampsia) ... Magnesium sulfate is also given to pregnant women who are experiencing premature labor in order to slow or stop their contractions ... Excess magnesium sulfate results in magnesium sulfate toxicity, which results in both respiratory depression and a loss of deep tendon reflexes (hyporeflexia) ...
Magnesium Sulfate - Applications - Medical Use
... Magnesium sulfate is a common pharmaceutical preparation of magnesium, commonly known as Epsom salts, used both externally and internally ... The sulfate is supplied in a gel preparation for topical application in treating aches and pains ... Oral magnesium sulfate is commonly used as a saline laxative or osmotic purgative ...
List Of Abbreviations Used In Medical Prescriptions
... mEq milliequivalent mg milligram MgSO4 magnesium sulfate may be confused with "MSO4", spell out "magnesium sulfate" mist ... mistura mix mitte mitte send mL millilitre MS morphine sulfate or magnesium sulfate can mean either morphine sulfate or magnesium sulfate, spell out either MSO4 morphine sulfate may be confused with "MgSO4 ...
Tocolytic - Types of Agents
... It should not be used concomitantly with magnesium sulfate ... Concomitant use of calcium channel blockers and magnesium sulfate may result in cardiovascular collapse ... (NSAID)-sensitive asthma, other sensitivity to NSAIDs IV Magnesium sulfate myosin light chain inhibitor Shown to be ineffective ...