The longrifle is an early example of firearm utilizing rifling, or the spiral grooves in the bore. This gave the projectile, commonly a round lead ball at the time, a spiraling motion, increasing stability in flight trajectory. A more stable trajectory meant dramatically improved accuracy over more commonly available smooth bore muskets also used in the period. Rifled firearms saw their first major combat usage in the American colonies during the Seven Years war, and later the American Revolution in the eighteenth century. The weapon never fully replaced the musket until the development of the Minié ball, mainly due to slower reload times from a tighter fitting lead ball, and the fouling of the bore after prolonged usage, eventually preventing loading, and rendering the weapon useless until thorough cleaning. This type of firearm was made popular by German gunsmiths who immigrated to America, bringing with them the technology of rifling from where it originated. The accuracy achieved by the longrifle made it an ideal tool for hunting wildlife as food in colonial America.
The American longrifle, more commonly but less correctly known as the Kentucky rifle, was described by Captain John G. W. Dillin in the dedication to his seminal 1924 book, The Kentucky Rifle:
"From a flat bar of soft iron, hand forged into a gun barrel; laboriously bored and rifled with crude tools; fitted with a stock hewn from a maple tree in the neighboring forest; and supplied with a lock hammered to shape on the anvil; an unknown smith, in a shop long since silent, fashioned a rifle which changed the whole course of world history; made possible the settlement of a continent; and ultimately Freed our country of foreign domination.
Light in weight; graceful in line; economical in consumption of powder and lead; fatally precise; distinctly American; it sprang into immediate popularity; and for a hundred years was a model often slightly varied but never radically changed."
Other articles related to "rifles, long rifle, rifle, long":
... There have been many rifles chambered for the.22 Short over the years, but only several lever action rifles are currently chambered for this round, notably the Henry and ... Many rifles in.22 Short were made between 1901–1940, mostly intended for gallery shooting and small game hunting ... Remington and Winchester produced the most rifles in.22 Short ...
... The 1955 film Kentucky Rifle gravitates around a trail wagon containing one hundred longrifles ... On the show Antiques Roadshow an 1810 Kentucky Rifle was appraised at $20,000 The 1826 novel by James Fenimore Cooper The Last of the Mohicans (and the films based on it) features a longrifle wielding character ... The rifle was used by George Washington's forces in the first episode of the third season Deadliest Warrior ...
... .22 Long is a variety of.22 caliber (5.6 mm) rimfire ammunition ... The.22 Long is the second oldest of the surviving rimfire cartridges, dating back to 1871, when it was loaded with a 29 grain (1.9 g) bullet and 5 grains (0.32 g) of black powder, 25% more than ... It was designed for use in revolvers, but was soon chambered in rifles as well ...
... is chamberings while the CZ-75 is available in 9x19mm Parabellum.40 S W, and.22 Long Rifle (in its Kadet model), the Combat/Standard can interchange calibers between ... This allows a shooter to practice with inexpensive and ubiquitous.22 Long Rifle ammunition, then swap top ends and be ready for "social carry" or competition with no change in ergonomics or feel ...
... of makers of cartridge conversions that convert various centerfire firearms to.22 Long Rifle, operating both as cartridge conversions and caliber conversions ... Conversions for.22 caliber centerfire rifles and carbines such as the AR-15 and Mini-14 consist of a magazine and an insert that replaces the bolt and includes a ... Conversions for rifles and carbines of larger caliber, such as the AK-47 or Thompson submachine gun include a rifled insert barrel extending beyond the length of the chamber ...
Famous quotes containing the words rifle and/or long:
“At Hayes General Store, west of the cemetery, hangs an old army rifle, used by a discouraged Civil War veteran to end his earthly troubles. The grocer took the rifle as payment on account.”
—Administration for the State of Con, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)
“And taken by light in her arms at long and dear last
I may without fail
Suffer the first vision that set fire to the stars.”
—Dylan Thomas (19141953)