List of Sovereign States - List of States

List of States

Short and formal names Membership within the UN System Sovereignty dispute Further information on status and recognition of sovereignty
A AAA A AAA A AAA
ZZZ↓ UN member states or observer states A AAA ZZZ
ZZZAbkhazia → Abkhazia UN member state None
Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan A UN member state A None
Albania – Republic of Albania A UN member state A None
Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria A UN member state A None
Andorra – Principality of Andorra A UN member state A None Andorra is a co-principality in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the French president and the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Urgell, who himself is appointed by the Vatican.
Angola – Republic of Angola A UN member state A None
Antigua and Barbuda A UN member state A None Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realm with 1 autonomous region, Barbuda.
Argentina – Argentine Republic A UN member state A None Argentina is a federation of 23 provinces and 1 autonomous city. Argentina claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, which are administered by the United Kingdom. Argentina claims Argentine Antarctica as part of its national territory, officially a department of the province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands, which overlaps with the claims of the UK and Chile.
Armenia – Republic of Armenia A UN member state Not recognised by Pakistan
Australia – Commonwealth of Australia A UN member state A None Australia is a Commonwealth realm and a federation of 6 states and 10 territories. The external territories of Australia are:
  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands
  • Australian Antarctic Territory
  • Christmas Island
  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands
  • Coral Sea Islands Territory
  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands
  • Norfolk Island
Austria – Republic of Austria A UN member state A None Member of the EU. Austria is a federation of 9 states (Bundesländer).
Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan A UN member state A None Azerbaijan contains 2 autonomous regions, Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh (Dağlıq Qarabağ). In Nagorno-Karabakh, a de facto state has been established.
Bahamas – Commonwealth of The Bahamas A UN member state A None The Bahamas is a Commonwealth realm.
Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain A UN member state A None
Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh A UN member state A None
Barbados A UN member state A None Barbados is a Commonwealth realm.
Belarus – Republic of Belarus A UN member state A None
Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium A UN member state A None Member of the EU. Belgium is a federation divided into linguistic communities and regions.
Belize A UN member state A None Belize is a Commonwealth realm.
Benin – Republic of Benin A UN member state A None
Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan A UN member state A None
Bolivia – Plurinational State of Bolivia A UN member state A None
Bosnia and Herzegovina A UN member state A None Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of 2 constituent units: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, and Brčko District, self-governing administrative unit.
Botswana – Republic of Botswana A UN member state A None
Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil A UN member state A None Brazil is a federation of 26 states and 1 federal district.
Brunei – State of Brunei, Abode of Peace A UN member state A None Brunei claims sovereignty over part of the Spratly Islands.
Bulgaria – Republic of Bulgaria A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Burkina Faso A UN member state A None
Burma – Republic of the Union of Myanmar A UN member state A None
Burundi – Republic of Burundi A UN member state A None
Cambodia – Kingdom of Cambodia A UN member state A None
Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon A UN member state A None
Canada A UN member state A None Canada is a Commonwealth realm and a federation of 10 provinces and 3 territories.
Cape Verde – Republic of Cape Verde A UN member state A None
Central African Republic A UN member state A None
Chad – Republic of Chad A UN member state A None
Chile – Republic of Chile A UN member state A None Easter Island and the Juan Fernández Islands are "special territories" of Chile in the Valparaíso Region. Chile claims part of Antarctica as a commune in its Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region. Its claim overlaps with those of the UK and Argentina.
China – People's Republic of China A UN member state B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali The People's Republic of China (PRC) contains five autonomous regions, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Tibet. Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of:
  • Hong Kong
  • Macau

It also claims:

  • Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and Taiping Aba, which are governed by the Republic of China (which claims sovereignty over the whole of China);
  • The Paracel Islands (disputed);
  • The Spratly Islands (disputed);
  • South Tibet (governed by India as part of Arunachal Pradesh).

Aksai Chin, controlled by the PRC, is claimed by India as a part of Jammu and Kashmir. The PRC is not recognised by 22 UN member states and the Holy See, which instead recognise the ROC.

China, Republic of (Taiwan) → Taiwan UN member state None
Colombia – Republic of Colombia A UN member state A None
Comoros – Union of the Comoros A UN member state A None Comoros is a federation of 3 islands, and claims Mayotte, currently part of France, as a fourth. Comoros also disputes French sovereignty over Banc du Geyser.
Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Congo-Kinshasa) A UN member state A None
Congo, Republic of the (Congo-Brazzaville) A UN member state A None
ZZZCook Islands → Cook Islands UN member state None
Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica A UN member state A None
Côte d'Ivoire – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) A UN member state A None
Croatia – Republic of Croatia A UN member state A None
Cuba – Republic of Cuba A UN member state A None
Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus A UN member state Not recognised by Turkey and Northern Cyprus Member of the EU. The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus. See Foreign relations of Cyprus and Cyprus dispute. Turkey refers to the Republic of Cyprus government as "The Greek Cypriot Administration of South Cyprus".
Czech Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Democratic People's Republic of Korea → Korea, North UN member state None
Democratic Republic of the Congo → Congo, Democratic Republic of the UN member state None
Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark A UN member state A None Member of the EU.

The Danish Realm also includes two self-governing territories:

  • Faroe Islands (Føroyar/Færøerne)
  • Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat/Grønland)
Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti A UN member state A None
Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica A UN member state A None
Dominican Republic A UN member state A None
East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste A UN member state A None
Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador A UN member state A None
Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt A UN member state A None
El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador A UN member state A None
Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea A UN member state A None
Eritrea – State of Eritrea A UN member state A None
Estonia – Republic of Estonia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia A UN member state A None Ethiopia is a federation of 9 regions and 2 chartered cities.
Fiji – Republic of Fiji A UN member state A None Fiji contains 1 autonomous region, Rotuma.
Finland – Republic of Finland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
  • Åland is a neutral and demilitarised autonomous region of Finland.
France – French Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU. French overseas regions/departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion) are full, integral parts of France.

The French Republic also includes the overseas territories of:

  • Clipperton Island
  • French Polynesia
  • New Caledonia
  • Saint-Barthélemy
  • Saint Martin
  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  • Wallis and Futuna
  • French Southern and Antarctic Lands (includes the Antarctic claim of Adélie Land).

Clipperton Island is a possession of the government. French sovereignty over Banc du Geyser, Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, Mayotte, and Tromelin Island is disputed in part by Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and the Comoros.

Gabon – Gabonese Republic A UN member state A None
Gambia The Gambia – Republic of The Gambia A UN member state A None
Georgia A UN member state A None Georgia contains 2 autonomous regions, Adjara and Abkhazia. In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.
Germany – Federal Republic of Germany A UN member state A None Member of the EU. Germany is a federation of 16 federated states (Länder).
Ghana – Republic of Ghana A UN member state A None
Greece – Hellenic Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU. Mount Athos is an autonomous part of Greece that is jointly governed by the multinational "Holy Community" on the mountain and a civil governor appointed by the Greek government.
Grenada A UN member state A None Grenada is a Commonwealth realm.
Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala A UN member state A None
Guinea – Republic of Guinea A UN member state A None
Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau A UN member state A None
Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana A UN member state A None All land west of the Essequibo River is claimed by Venezuela.
Haiti – Republic of Haiti A UN member state A None
Holy See → Vatican City UN member state None
Honduras – Republic of Honduras A UN member state A None
Hungary A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Iceland – Republic of Iceland A UN member state A None
India – Republic of India A UN member state A None India is a federation of 28 states and 7 union territories. Indian sovereignty over Arunachal Pradesh is disputed by the People's Republic of China. India claims sovereignty over the whole of Kashmir, but administers only part of it as the federated state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia A UN member state A None Indonesia has 3 provinces with official special autonomy status: Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Papua, and West Papua.
Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran A UN member state A None
Iraq – Republic of Iraq A UN member state A None Iraq is a federation of 18 governorates, 3 of which make up the autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan.
Ireland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.

The Constitution of Ireland asserts the aspiration towards creating a United Ireland by peaceful means.

Israel – State of Israel A UN member state Not recognized by 33 states In 1967, Israel annexed the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria. These areas are not internationally-recognised as being part of Israel. Israel no longer has a permanent military presence in the Gaza Strip, following its unilateral disengagement, but is still considered the occupying power under international law. Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members (including most Arab states) and by the SADR.
Italy – Italian Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU. Italy has 5 autonomous regions, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.
Ivory Coast → Côte d'Ivoire UN member state None
Jamaica A UN member state A None Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm.
Japan A UN member state A None Japan disputes Russian administration of the South Kuril Islands.
Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan A UN member state A None
Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan A UN member state A None
Kenya – Republic of Kenya A UN member state A None
Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati A UN member state A None
Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea A UN member state B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali North Korea is not recognised by two UN members: Japan and South Korea.
Korea, South – Republic of Korea A UN member state B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali South Korea contains 1 autonomous region, Jeju-do. South Korea is not recognised by one UN member: North Korea.
ZZZKosovo → Kosovo UN member state None
Kuwait – State of Kuwait A UN member state A None
Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic A UN member state A None
Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic A UN member state A None
Latvia – Republic of Latvia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Lebanon – Lebanese Republic A UN member state A None
Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho A UN member state A None
Liberia – Republic of Liberia A UN member state A None
Libya A UN member state A None
Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein A UN member state A None
Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Macedonia – Republic of Macedonia A UN member state A None Because of the Macedonia naming dispute, the country is referred to by the UN and a number of states and international organizations as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".
Madagascar – Republic of Madagascar A UN member state A None Madagascar claims the French territories of Banc du Geyser, Juan de Nova Island, and the Glorioso Islands.
Malawi – Republic of Malawi A UN member state A None
Malaysia A UN member state A None Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and 3 federal territories. Malaysia claims part of the Spratly Islands.
Maldives – Republic of Maldives A UN member state A None
Mali – Republic of Mali A UN member state A None
Malta – Republic of Malta A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania A UN member state A None
Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius A UN member state A None Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues. Mauritius claims the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French island of Tromelin.
Mexico – United Mexican States A UN member state A None Mexico is a federation of 31 states and 1 federal district.
Micronesia, Federated States of A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a federation of 4 states.
Moldova – Republic of Moldova A UN member state A None Moldova has the autonomous regions of Gagauzia and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.
Monaco – Principality of Monaco A UN member state A None
Mongolia A UN member state A None
Montenegro A UN member state A None
Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco A UN member state A None Morocco claims sovereignty over Western Sahara and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Morocco disputes Spanish sovereignty over Ceuta, Melilla and the "Plazas de soberanía".
Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique A UN member state A None
Myanmar → Burma UN member state None
ZZZNagorno-Karabakh → Nagorno-Karabakh UN member state None
Namibia – Republic of Namibia A UN member state A None
Nauru – Republic of Nauru A UN member state A None
Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal A UN member state A None Nepal is a federation composed of 14 zones.
Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands A UN member state A None Member of the EU. The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of four constituent countries:
  • Netherlands
  • Aruba
  • Curaçao
  • Sint Maarten

The monarch and her ministers form the government of the kingdom as well as the government of the country the Netherlands. Following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010, Curaçao and Sint Maarten have become constituent countries, which, alongside Aruba, enjoy considerable autonomy. The other three islands (Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius) became special municipalities of the Netherlands.

The designation "Netherlands" can refer to either one of the Kingdom's constituent countries or to the short name for the Kingdom (e.g., in international organizations). The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.

New Zealand A UN member state A None New Zealand is a Commonwealth realm and has responsibilities for (but has no sovereignty over) two freely associated states:
  • Cook Islands
  • Niue

The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with 31 and 6 UN members respectively. They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN, and are members of some UN specialized agencies.

New Zealand has the dependent territories of:

  • Ross Dependency
  • Tokelau

The Tokelauan government claims sovereignty over Swains Island, part of American Samoa, a territory of the United States. New Zealand does not recognize the Tokelauan claim.

Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua A UN member state A None Claims the San Andrés archipelago, currently part of Colombian territorial waters

Nicaragua contains 2 autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.

Niger – Republic of Niger A UN member state A None
Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria A UN member state A None Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal territory.
ZZZNiue → Niue UN member state None
ZZZNorthern Cyprus → Northern Cyprus UN member state None
North Korea → Korea, North UN member state None
Norway – Kingdom of Norway A UN member state A None Svalbard is an integral part of Norway, but has a special status due to the Svalbard Treaty.

Bouvet Island is a dependent territory of Norway. Norway also claims Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land as dependent territories of Norway.

Oman – Sultanate of Oman A UN member state A None
Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan A UN member state A None Pakistan is a federation of 4 provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions. Pakistan disputes Indian sovereignty over Kashmir. It exercises control over some areas, but does not explicitly claim any part of it, instead regarding it as a disputed territory. The portions that it controls are divided into two polities, administered separately from Pakistan proper:
  • Azad Kashmir
  • Gilgit–Baltistan
Palau – Republic of Palau A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
ZZZPalestine → Palestine UN member state None
Panama – Republic of Panama A UN member state A None
Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea A UN member state A None Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm with 1 autonomous region, Bougainville.
Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay A UN member state A None
Peru – Republic of Peru A UN member state A None
Philippines – Republic of the Philippines A UN member state A None The Philippines contains one autonomous region, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. There has been efforts to establish the Cordillera Administrative Region as an autonomous region as well, however in the last referendum of 1998, the people of the Cordillera region voted against the proposition. The Philippines administers Scarborough Shoal and some of the Spratly Islands, and claims sovereignty over Sabah, which is part of Malaysia.
Poland – Republic of Poland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Portugal – Portuguese Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU. Portugal contains 2 autonomous regions, Azores and Madeira. Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga.
Pridnestrovie → Transnistria UN member state None
Qatar – State of Qatar A UN member state A None
Republic of Korea → Korea, South UN member state None
Republic of the Congo → Congo, Republic of the UN member state None
Romania A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Russia – Russian Federation A UN member state A None Russia is officially a federation of 83 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics. Sovereignty over the South Kuril Islands is disputed by Japan.
Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda A UN member state A None
ZZZSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic UN member state None
Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis A UN member state A None Saint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm and is a federation of 14 parishes.
Saint Lucia A UN member state A None Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines A UN member state A None Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.
Samoa – Independent State of Samoa A UN member state A None
San Marino – Republic of San Marino A UN member state A None
São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe A UN member state A None São Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, Príncipe.
Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia A UN member state A None
Senegal – Republic of Senegal A UN member state A None
Serbia – Republic of Serbia A UN member state A None Serbia contains 2 autonomous regions, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija. Most of the latter is under the de facto control of the Republic of Kosovo.
Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles A UN member state A None Seychelles claims the British Indian Ocean Territory.
Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone A UN member state A None
Singapore – Republic of Singapore A UN member state A None
Slovakia – Slovak Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Solomon Islands A UN member state A None The Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm.
Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia A UN member state A None Somalia is presently divided with its official government (TFG) controlling only part of the country. Puntland and Galmudug have declared themselves as autonomous regions of Somalia (a claim that the TFG does not recognise), while Somaliland has formed an unrecognised de facto state.
ZZZSomaliland → Somaliland UN member state None
South Africa – Republic of South Africa A UN member state A None
South Korea → Korea, South UN member state None
ZZZSouth Ossetia → South Ossetia UN member state None
South Sudan – Republic of South Sudan A UN member state A None South Sudan is a federation of 10 states. Disputes Abyei with the Republic of the Sudan.
Spain – Kingdom of Spain A UN member state A None Member of the EU. Spain is divided into autonomous communities and cities. Sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas is disputed by Morocco. Sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga is disputed by Portugal. Spain calls for sovereignty over Gibraltar.
Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka A UN member state A None Formerly known as Ceylon.
Sudan – Republic of the Sudan A UN member state A None Sudan is a federation of 17 states. Disputes Abyei and Kafia Kingi with South Sudan.
ZZZSudan, South → South Sudan UN member state None
Suriname – Republic of Suriname A UN member state A None
Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland A UN member state A None
Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden A UN member state A None Member of the EU.
Switzerland – Swiss Confederation A UN member state A None Switzerland is a federation of 26 cantons.
Syria – Syrian Arab Republic A UN member state A None Israel occupies the Golan Heights.
ZZZTaiwan (Republic of China) → Taiwan UN member state None
Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan A UN member state A None Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.
Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania A UN member state A None Tanzania contains 1 autonomous region, Zanzibar.
Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand A UN member state A None
Timor-Leste → East Timor UN member state None
Togo – Togolese Republic A UN member state A None
Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga A UN member state A None
ZZZTransnistria → Transnistria UN member state None
Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago A UN member state A None Trinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, Tobago.
Tunisia – Republic of Tunisia A UN member state A None
Turkey – Republic of Turkey A UN member state A None
Turkmenistan A UN member state A None
Tuvalu A UN member state A None Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.
Uganda – Republic of Uganda A UN member state A None
Ukraine A UN member state A None Ukraine contains 1 autonomous region, Crimea.
United Arab Emirates A UN member state A None The United Arab Emirates is a federation of 7 emirates.
United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland A UN member state A None Member of the EU. The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm consisting of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:
  • Akrotiri and Dhekelia
  • Anguilla
  • Bermuda
  • British Indian Ocean Territory (disputed by Mauritius and Seychelles)
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Cayman Islands
  • Falkland Islands (disputed by Argentina)
  • Gibraltar (status disputed by Spain)
  • Montserrat
  • Pitcairn Islands
  • Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
  • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • British Antarctic Territory (disputed by Argentina and Chile)

The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:

  • Guernsey, with three dependencies:
    • Alderney
    • Herm
    • Sark
  • Isle of Man
  • Jersey
United States – United States of America A UN member state A None The United States is a federation of 50 states, 1 federal district, and the incorporated territory of Palmyra Atoll. The United States has sovereignty over the following inhabited possessions and commonwealths:
  • American Samoa (including Swains Island, disputed by Tokelau)
  • Guam
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Puerto Rico
  • U.S. Virgin Islands

In addition, there are uninhabited possessions of the United States in the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea: Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Navassa Island, and Wake Island. The United States also asserts claims to Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank.

Uruguay – Oriental Republic of Uruguay A UN member state A None
Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan A UN member state A None Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, Karakalpakstan.
Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu A UN member state A None
Vatican City – Vatican City State A UN observer state A None Administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity with diplomatic ties to 179 states. The Holy See is a permanent observer of the UN in the category of "Non-member State" and a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, who is the Bishop of the Archdiocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City. The Holy See also administers a number of extraterritorial properties in Italy.
Venezuela – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela A UN member state A None Venezuela is a federation of 23 states, 1 capital district, and federal dependencies.
Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam A UN member state A None Vietnam claims sovereignty over the Paracel and Spratly Islands.
Yemen – Republic of Yemen A UN member state A None
Zambia – Republic of Zambia A UN member state A None
Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe A UN member state A None
ZZZ↑ UN member states and observer states ↑ A ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZ AB B
ZZZ↓ Other states ↓ D AAA ZZZ
Abkhazia – Republic of Abkhazia D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Venezuela, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Cook Islands D Member of some UN specialized agencies A None A state in free association with New Zealand, the Cook Islands has diplomatic relations with 32 other states. The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity. It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
Kosovo – Republic of Kosovo D Member of some UN specialized agencies B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Kosovo unilaterally declared independence in 2008 and it has received diplomatic recognition from 95 UN member states and the Republic of China. Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo is formally under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
Nagorno-Karabakh – Nagorno-Karabakh Republic D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A de facto independent state, recognised only by Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.
Niue D Member of some UN specialized agencies A None A state in free association with New Zealand, Niue has relations with seven other states. Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity. It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus D No membership Claimed by Cyprus Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organization. In addition, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic regards TRNC as sovereign but Azerbaijan has not followed suit. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.
Palestine – State of Palestine D Member of one UN specialized agency B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali The declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from 131 states. The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on the territory that it proclaimed. The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization, which has permanent observer status at the United Nations General Assembly as a non-member entity. The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO.
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Recognised by 84 UN member states, 32 of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the African Union and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.
Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A de facto independent state, not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Somali Republic.
South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A de facto independent state, recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela, Abkhazia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.
Taiwan – Republic of China D Former UN member state;

Participant in some UN related organizations as "Chinese Taipei"

B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A state competing for recognition with the People's Republic of China as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands, and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the mainland. The Republic of China is recognised by 22 UN member states and the Holy See as of 2011. The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China. The Republic of China participates in the World Health Organization and a number of non-UN international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, International Olympic Committee and others under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei". The Republic of China was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the security council. See China and the United Nations.
Transnistria – Transnistrian Moldovan Republic (Pridnestrovie, Trans-Dniester) D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A de facto independent state, recognised only by Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.
ZZZ↑ Other states ↑ D ZZZ ZZZ
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Read more about this topic:  List Of Sovereign States

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