Lesbos

Lesbos (Greek: Λέσβος, transliterated as Lesvos, sometimes also referred to as Mytilini after its major city Mytilene) is a Greek island located in the northeastern Aegean Sea. It has an area of 1,632 km2 (630 sq mi) with 320 kilometres (almost 200 miles) of coastline, making it the third largest Greek island. It is separated from Turkey by the narrow Mytilini Strait.

Lesbos is a separate regional unit of the North Aegean region, and the only municipality of the regional unit. Its population is approximately 90,000, a third of which lives in its capital, Mytilene, in the southeastern part of the island. The remaining population is distributed in small towns and villages. The largest are Kalloni, the Gera Villages, Plomari, Agiassos, Eresos, and Molyvos (the ancient Mythymna).

Mytilene was founded in the 11th century BC by the family Penthilidae, who arrived from Thessaly, and ruled the city-state until a popular revolt (590–580 BC) led by Pittacus of Mytilene ended their rule. In early Middle Ages, it was under Byzantine and Genovese rule. Lesbos was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1462, who ruled the island until the First Balkan War in 1912, when it became part of the Kingdom of Greece.

Read more about LesbosGeography, History, Sights, Administration, Economy, Notable Residents

Other articles related to "lesbos":

Lesbos - Notable Residents
... Theophrastus (370–285 BC), philosopher and botanist Theoctiste of Lesbos (9th century), hermit saint Christopher of Mytilene (11th century), poet Hayreddin Barbarossa (1470s–1546), Ottoman ...
Ammoudeli
... a town and a former municipality on the island of Lesbos, North Aegean, Greece. 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Lesbos, of which it is a municipal unit ... in the south, and indeed the second largest town on Lesbos ...
Dorino I Gattilusio
... Dorino Gattilusio, Lord of Lesbos (died 30 January/30 June 1455) was the fourth ruler of an independent Lesbos from 1428 to 1455 ... He was the second son of Francis II, Lord of Lesbos and Valentina Doria ... He succeeded his older brother Jacopo of Lesbos in 1428 ...
Lesbian Wine - Modern Winemaking
... In the beginning of the 19th century the spread of phylloxera to Lesbos as well as the island's specialization in ouzo led to the stagnation of Lesbian wine production ... first winery producing bottled wine in the history of Lesbos, began operations in the village of Chidira ... its use by the winery, is cultivated on the sulfuric lava which formed the Petrified Forest of Lesbos ...
Theoctiste Of Lesbos
... Theoctiste of Lesbos is a saint of the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church ... Born on the island of Lesbos, Theoctiste was orphaned as a child ... was taken captive with her sister and other local villagers of Lesbos and brought to the island of Paros ...