**Vector Formulation**

The law of cosines is equivalent to the formula

in the theory of vectors, which expresses the dot product of two vectors in terms of their respective lengths and the angle they enclose.

**Proof of equivalence**. Referring to Figure 10, note that

and so we may calculate:

The law of cosines formulated in this notation states:

which is clearly equivalent to the above formula from the theory of vectors.

Read more about this topic: Law Of Cosines

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Work (physics) - Work-energy Principle - Derivation For A Particle in Constrained Movement -

... Note that n dots above a

**Vector Formulation**... Note that n dots above a

**vector**indicates its nth time derivative ... The scalar product of each side of Newton's law with the velocity**vector**yields because the constraint forces are perpendicular to the particle velocity ...### Famous quotes containing the word formulation:

“In necessary things, unity; in disputed things, liberty; in all things, charity.”

—Variously Ascribed.

The *formulation* was used as a motto by the English Nonconformist clergyman Richard Baxter (1615-1691)

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