Karnataka

Karnataka /kɑrˈnɑːtəkə/ (Kannada: ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ) is a state in South West India. It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act and this day is annually celebrated as Karnataka Rajyotsava (Formation Day). Originally known as the State of Mysore /maɪˈsɔər/, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973. It is the land of the Kannadigas, Tuluvas, Konkanis and Kodavas. The capital and largest city is Bangalore.

Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the southeast, and Kerala to the southwest. The state covers an area of 191,976 square kilometres (74,122 sq mi), or 5.83% of the total geographical area of India. It is the eighth largest Indian state by area. With over 61 million inhabitants (2011), Karnataka is the ninth largest state by population, comprising 30 districts. Kannada is the most widely spoken and official language of the state.

The two main river systems of the state are Krishna and its tributaries (Bhima, Ghataprabha, Vedavathi, Malaprabha, and Tungabhadra) in the north, and the Cauvery and its tributaries (Hemavati, Shimsha, Arkavathi, Lakshmana Thirtha and Kabini) in the south. Both these rivers flow eastward and fall into the Bay of Bengal.

Though several etymologies have been suggested for the name Karnataka, the generally accepted one is that Karnataka is derived from the Kannada words karu and nādu, meaning elevated land. Karu nadu may also be read as Karu (black) and nadu (region), as a reference to the black cotton soil found in the Bayaluseeme region of Karnataka. The British used the word Carnatic (sometimes Karnatak) to describe both sides of peninsular India, south of the Krishna River.

With an antiquity that dates to the paleolithic, Karnataka has also been home to some of the most powerful empires of ancient and medieval India. The philosophers and musical bards patronised by these empires launched socio-religious and literary movements which have endured to the present day. Karnataka has contributed significantly to both forms of Indian classical music, the Carnatic (Karnataka Music) and Hindustani traditions. Writers in the Kannada language have received the most number of Jnanpith awards in India. Bangalore is the capital city of the state and is at the forefront of the rapid economic and technological development that India is experiencing.

Read more about Karnataka:  History, Geography, Sub-divisions, Demographics, Government and Administration, Economy, Transport, Culture, Religion, Language, Education, Media, Sports, Flora and Fauna, Tourism

Other articles related to "karnataka":

Castle Rock, Karnataka
... is a village in the Uttara Kannada (North Kanara) district Indian state of Karnataka, The town is located in the Western Ghats on the state's border with Goa at an ...
Jagannathrao Joshi
... He was born in a Kannadiga family at Nargund, Karnataka in 1920 ... His contribution to building the BJS and BJP in Karnataka earned him the epithet "Karnataka Kesari" (Lion of Karnataka) ...
Jainism In North Karnataka - See Also
... Jainism portal Karnataka portal North Karnataka Tourism in North Karnataka Aihole Badami Jainism in Karnataka Jainism in Maharashtra Jain Bunt ...
Hogenakkal Integrated Drinking Water Project - Status of The Project- Timeline - May, 2008
... Yeddiurappa, Chief Minister of Karnataka claimed that the proposed drinking water project site in Hogenakkal is situated in Karnataka and thus sparked controversy ... Soon after Yeddiurappa's claim other political parties in Karnataka followed suit ... The agitations that followed in Karnataka targeted the Tamils until the Assembly elections got over there ...
Karnataka - Tourism
... Main article Tourism in Karnataka See also Architecture of Karnataka By virtue of its varied geography and long history, Karnataka hosts numerous spots of interest for tourists ... Karnataka has been ranked as the fourth most popular destination for tourism among the states of India ... Karnataka has the second highest number of nationally protected monuments in India, second only to Uttar Pradesh, in addition to 752 monuments protected by ...