Isolates

Isolates is a term used in developmental psychology and family studies, to describe members of a study group, usually child through young adult, who do not actively participate in cliques or friendship groups. Isolates are one of four types of participants in friendship networks, the other three being dyads, liaisons and cliques.

Isolates may have friendly relations with members of cliques and friendship groups, but they do not associate their identity with any particular group. Isolates can be voluntarily or involuntarily isolated from peer groups, cliques or friendship groups. Isolates, overall, may experience higher levels of depression than same-age peers. Studies by Ennett and Bauman (1993), found that Isolates are were more prone to smoke than members of friendship groups. A study by Henrich et al. (2000), shows isolates, male and female, have more internalizing problems than non-isolates. The study also show female Isolates have significantly lower GPAs than member of cliques.

Other articles related to "isolates":

Papaya Ringspot Virus
... The type that gave the virus its name are the Type P isolates (PRSV-P) ... The other type, Type W isolates (PRSV-W), does not infect papaya ... Isolates of PRSV-W do infect cucurbits such as watermelon, cucumber, and squash and were originally known as Watermelon mosaic virus 1'.' ...
Tequiraca–Canichana Languages
... is a possibly language family proposed in Kaufman (1994) uniting two erstwhile language isolates, Canichana of Bolivia and Tequiraca of Peru, both of which are either extinct or nearly so ... Niger–Congo Nilo-Saharan Tuu Mande? Songhay? Ubangian? Isolates Bangime Hadza Sandawe Europe and Asia Afroasiatic Ainu Austroasiatic Austronesian Chukotko-Kamchatkan Dené–Yeniseian ...
Morehead And Upper Maro River Languages - See Also
... Austronesian Khoe Kx'a Niger–Congo Nilo-Saharan Tuu Mande? Songhay? Ubangian? Isolates Bangime Hadza Sandawe Europe and Asia Afroasiatic Ainu Austroasiatic Austronesian Chukotko-Kamchatkan Dené–Yeniseian ...
Mycobacterium Pseudoshottsii
... and restriction enzyme analysis of the hsp65 gene demonstrated that this group of isolates is unique ... These isolates could be differentiated from other slowly growing pigmented mycobacteria by their inability to grow at 37 °C, production of niacin and urease, absence of nitrate reductase, negative Tween 80 ... On the basis of this polyphasic study, it is proposed that these isolates represent a novel species, Mycobacterium pseudoshottsii sp ...
Citrus Psorosis Virus - Strains
... Three Egyptian isolates of Citrus psorosis virus (CPsV-EG) - ARC, TB and TN - were obtained from three citrus cultivars - Grapefruit, Balady and Navel - respectively ... These isolates were differed in some of their external symptoms ... The CPsV-EG isolates were detected by biological indexing, giving rise to Oak Leaf Pattern (OLP) on Dweet tangor ...

Famous quotes containing the word isolates:

    Lovers of painting and lovers of music are people who openly display their preference like a delectable ailment that isolates them and makes them proud.
    Maurice Blanchot (b. 1907)

    In literature as in ethics, there is danger, as well as glory, in being subtle. Aristocracy isolates us.
    Charles Baudelaire (1821–1867)