Irish Orthography

Irish orthography has evolved over many centuries, since Old Irish was first written down in the Latin alphabet in about the 6th century AD. Prior to that, Primitive Irish was written in Ogham. Irish orthography is mainly based on etymological considerations, although a spelling reform in the mid-20th century simplified the relationship between spelling and pronunciation somewhat.

There are three dialects of spoken Irish: Ulster (now predominantly in County Donegal), Connacht (Counties Mayo and Galway), and Munster (Counties Kerry, Cork, and Waterford). Some spelling conventions are common to all the dialects, while others vary from dialect to dialect. In addition, individual words may have in any given dialect a pronunciation that is not reflected by the spelling. (The pronunciations in this article reflect Connacht Irish pronunciation; other accents may differ.)

Read more about Irish OrthographyAlphabet, Consonants, Vowels, Epenthetic Vowel, Special Pronunciations in Verb Forms, Diacritics, Punctuation, Capitalisation, Abbreviations, Spelling Reform

Other articles related to "irish orthography, irish, orthography":

Irish Orthography - Spelling Reform
... The literary Classical Irish which survived till the 17th century was already archaic and its spelling reflected that Theobald Stapleton's 1639 catechism was a first attempt at simplification ... The Irish Texts Society's 1904 Irish–English bilingual dictionary by Patrick S ... After the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922, all Acts of the Oireachtas were translated into Irish, initially using Dinneen's spellings, with a list of ...
List Of Digraphs In Latin Alphabets - A
... ⟨a’⟩ is used in Taa orthography, where it represents the glottalized or creaky vowel ... ⟨ae⟩ is used in Irish orthography, where it represents between two "broad" (velarized) consonants, e.g ... In Latin orthography, ⟨ae⟩ originally represented the diphthong, before it was monophthongized in the Vulgar Latin period to in medieval manuscripts, the digraph was frequently ...

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