Hurricane Iniki

Hurricane Iniki ( /iːˈniːkiː/ ee-NEE-kee; Hawaiian: ʻiniki meaning "strong and piercing wind") was the most powerful hurricane to strike the U.S. state of Hawaiʻi in recorded history. Forming on September 5 during the strong El Niño of 1991–1994, Iniki was one of eleven Central Pacific tropical cyclones during the 1992 season. It attained tropical storm status on September 8 and further intensified into a hurricane the next day. After turning to the north, Iniki struck the island of Kauaʻi on September 11 at peak intensity; it had winds of 145 mph (235 km/h), and was a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. It was the first hurricane to hit the state since Hurricane Iwa in the 1982 season, and the first major hurricane since Hurricane Dot in 1959. Iniki dissipated on September 13 about halfway between Hawaii and Alaska.

Iniki caused around $1.8 billion (1992 USD) of damage and six deaths. At the time, Iniki was among the costliest United States hurricanes, and it remains one of the costliest hurricanes on record in the eastern Pacific. The storm struck just weeks after Hurricane Andrew—the costliest tropical cyclone ever at the time—struck the U.S. state of Florida. It was also one of two Category 4 hurricanes to strike the United States that year, as Andrew made landfall in Florida as a Category 5 just a few weeks earlier.

The Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC) failed to issue tropical cyclone warnings and watches for the hurricane more than 24 hours in advance. Despite the lack of early warning, only six deaths were attributable to the storm. Damage was greatest on Kauaʻi, where the hurricane destroyed over 1,400 houses and severely damaged over 5,000. Though not directly in the path of the hurricane's core, Oʻahu still experienced moderate damage from wind and storm surge.

Read more about Hurricane Iniki:  Meteorological History, Preparations, Impact, Aftermath

Other articles related to "hurricane iniki, iniki, hurricane, hurricanes":

Hurricane Iniki - Aftermath - Retirement
... The name Iniki was retired due to this storm in 1993, and was replaced with Iolana within the Central North Pacific tropical storm list ...
1992 Pacific Hurricane Season - Storms - Hurricane Iniki
... Category 4 hurricane (SSHS) Duration September 5 – September 13 Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h), 938 mbar (hPa) Forming on September 1700 ... miles (2700 km) southwest of Cabo San Lucas, the depression ... Iniki continued westward and strengthened over the unusually favorable central Pacific it reached hurricane status on September 9 while 470 miles (760 km) south-southeast of Hilo ... The subtropical ridge, which typically keeps hurricanes well away from the Hawaiian Islands, weakened due to an approaching upper level-trough and allowed Iniki to turn to ...

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