History Of Eastern Orthodox Churches In The 20th Century
The Eastern Orthodox Churches trace their roots back to the Apostles and Jesus Christ. Apostolic succession established by the seats of Patriarchy (for example see the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem). Eastern Orthodoxy reached its golden age during the high point of the Byzantine Empire, and then continued to flourish in Russia after the Fall of Constantinople. Numerous autocephalous churches have been established in Eastern Europe and Slavic areas.
Four stages of development can be distinguished in the history of the Eastern Orthodox Churches. The first three centuries, through the age of Constantine the Great constitute the apostolic and ancient period. The medieval period comprises almost ten centuries from the death of Constantine to the Fall of Constantinople. The age of captivity (under the Turks) starts, roughly, for the Greek and Balkan communities in the 15th century with the Fall of Constantinople, and ends about the year 1830, which marks Greek and Balkan independence from the Ottoman Empire. The last stage is the modern period.
The Orthodox churches with the largest number of adherents in modern times are the Russian and the Romanian Orthodox churches. The most ancient of the Orthodox churches of today are the Churches of Cyprus, Constantinople, Alexandria (which includes all of Africa), Georgia, Antioch, and Jerusalem.
Read more about History Of Eastern Orthodox Churches In The 20th Century: Republic of Turkey, Orthodoxy in Other Muslim-majority States of The Middle East and Central Asia, Orthodox Church in China, The Eastern Catholic Churches or Byzantine Rite Churches, Russian Orthodox Church in The Russian Empire, Russian Orthodox Church in The Soviet Union, World War II, Diaspora Emigration To The West, Church Today, See Also
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