Rulers who have been termed "high king" (by their contemporaries or by modern observers) include:
- Various ancient Irish and British rulers, notably the High King (Ard Rí) of Ireland. Some other monarchs, such as King Arthur, Uther Pendragon, and Vortigern, have been termed "High King of Britain" in some accounts.
- The ruler of the Picts.
- The Ard Rí Alban, high king of Scotland.
- Some ancient Greek rulers, such as Agamemnon (see anax).
- The most powerful king of the various Etruscan city-states.
- Mepe-Umaglesi "Most High King" was a predicate of the Georgian Orthodox Mepe-Mepeta ("King of Kings")
- In Lithuania, the title of "Didysis Kunigaikštis" is more accurately translated as "high king", although it is traditionally rendered as "Grand Duke"
- In ancient Sumer, the rulers of all Sumer held the title of "Nam-Lugal" (High King).
The Bretwalda was essentially the high king of the Anglo-Saxons, though the name is rarely translated as such.
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong in Malaysia could probably be seen as a "high king", as he is selected from among nine Malay rulers (seven Sultans, a Raja, and a Great Lord) by election (through informal agreement, on a rotational basis). In practice, however, the term "high king" is rarely applied to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, rather "King".
The "maharaja" (Indian) could possibly be rendered as "high king", although the literal meaning is closer to "great king".
"Taewang," meaning "greatest of kings," was used by the later rulers of the Korean kingdom of Koguryo (and Silla, albeit to a rarer extent) to rank themselves as equals to the Chinese Emperors or to express suzerainty over surrounding states, particularly during the Three Kingdoms Era. "Daewang" ("great king") was used by rulers of other kingdoms and subsequent dynasties, including Baekje, whose king assumed the style of "Daewang Pyeha" ("His Imperial Highness the Great King") by the reign of Kimg Mu (600-640 AD) at the latest. However, after the Mongol Invasions of Korea, these rulers remained technically subordinate to the Mongol Empire and later China until King Gojong declared the Korean Empire in 1897 and assumed the title of "Hwangje," or Emperor (the Korean rendition of the Chinese "huang di").
The title "King of Kings" also expresses much the same concept as "high king" – it was used at various times by the Emperor of Persia (shahanshah) and the Emperor of Ethiopia.
Read more about High King: Other Uses
Other articles related to "king, high king, kings, high":
... (or Suibne mac Fiachnai) (died 628) was an Irish king who is counted as a High King of Ireland ... Neither Suibne's father Fiachnae, nor his grandfather, had been kings of Cenél nEógain ... According to the Irish annals, Óengus, head of Clann Cholmáin, was High King at his death in 621, so that Suibne may have granted Óengus the kingship before assuming it himself ...
... This along with a desire to make his high kingship a reality prompted an attack on Connacht in 703 ... of Corann (in Southern Co.Sligo) against the men of Connacht led by their old king Cellach mac Rogallaig (died 705) ... The Chronicle of Ireland again calls him High King when reporting his death ...
... High-King (ハイ・キング, Hai-Kingu?) is also the name of a J-pop group created in 2008 featuring Ai Takahashi, Reina Tanaka, Saki Shimizu, Maimi Yajima and Yuuka ... Lewis's epic fantasy, The Chronicles of Narnia, Peter Pevensie was the High King of Narnia over the younger Edmund Pevensie, by virtue of being the eldest, and his brother and sisters, Susan Pevensie ... He was also the High King over all Kings of Narnia, from the first to the last ...
... In 1166, after losing the protection of High King Muirchertach Mac Lochlainn, the King of Leinster, Diarmait Mac Murchada, was forcibly exiled by a confederation of Irish forces ... The 1175 Treaty of Windsor between Henry and Ruaidhrí maintained Ruaidhrí as High King of Ireland but codified Henry's control of Leinster, Meath and Waterford ... Ruaidhrí unable to curb his vassals, the high kingship rapidly lost control of the country ...
... Conall Grant mac Cernaig (died 718) was a King of Brega of the Uí Chernaig sept of Lagore of the Síl nÁedo Sláine ... He was the grandson of the high king Diarmait mac Áedo Sláine (died 665) ... Two contemporaries were also considered kings of Brega around this time, Amalgaid mac Congalaig (died 718) of the Uí Chonaing, and Conall Grant's ...
Famous quotes containing the words king and/or high:
“So Haman came in, and the king said to him, What shall be done for the man whom the king wishes to honor? Haman said to himself, Whom would the king wish to honor more than me?”
—Bible: Hebrew, Esther 6:6.
“So having said, a while he stood, expecting
Their universal shout and high applause
To fill his ear; when contrary, he hears,
On all sides, from innumerable tongues
A dismal universal hiss, the sound
Of public scorn.”
—John Milton (16081674)