Guadalcanal

Guadalcanal (Isatabu) is a tropical island in the South-Western Pacific. The largest island in the Solomons, it was discovered by the Spanish expedition of Alvaro de Mendaña in 1568. The name comes from Guadalcanal, a village in the province of Seville, in Andalusia, Spain, birthplace of Pedro de Ortega Valencia, a member of Mendaña's expedition.

During 1942-43 it was the scene of bitter fighting between Japanese and American troops; the American forces were ultimately victorious.

At the end of the war, Honiara, on the north coast of Guadalcanal, became the new capital of the British Solomon Islands Protectorate. Guadalcanal is mainly covered in tropical rainforest and jungle, and it has a mountainous interior with an active volcano, Mount Popomanaseu. The population in 1998 was around 85,000.

Read more about Guadalcanal:  Fauna

Other articles related to "guadalcanal":

Robert Hall (National Guard Officer) - Guadalcanal
... Infantry during the Battle for Henderson Field in the Guadalcanal Campaign ... Army's Americal Division, had only just arrived on Guadalcanal as an emergency reinforcement and would become the first U.S ... Hall was wounded on Guadalcanal in November 1942, but recovered to lead his battalion in the final battles for control of the island ...
Mark Hanna Crouter - Navy Cross in Guadalcanal Waters
... In the night Naval Battle of Guadalcanal of November 12 and November 13, 1942, when an outnumbered American force turned a Japanese raiding group back from its intended attack on shipping off ...
Tadayoshi Sano - Biography - Pacific War - Guadalcanal
... participate in the Japanese attempts to retake Guadalcanal from Allied forces during the Guadalcanal campaign ... Two battalions from Sano's division were delivered to Guadalcanal by Tokyo Express missions in October 1942 and participated in the Battle for Henderson Field ... In November 1942, Tokyo Express missions delivered the 38th Division's 228th Infantry Regiment to Guadalcanal along with Sano and his staff ...
Guadalcanal, Seville - History
... It was fortified by means of a now ruined wall which was demolished because the village took part in the Guerra de las Comunidades de Castilla ... In the mid-16th century, the area had some silver mines financed by the Fugger family. ...
London Lewis Traw - Assigned To Guadalcanal Campaign
... Following the August 7, 1942 landing on Guadalcanal, Sgt ... Traw was killed in action near Lunga on Guadalcanal on October 27, 1942 ...