An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the exercise of authority (either his own or that of his superior and/or employer, public or legally private).
A government official or functionary is an official who is involved in public administration or government, through either election, appointment, selection, or employment. A bureaucrat is a member of the bureaucracy. An elected official is a person who is an official by virtue of an election. Officials may also be appointed ex officio (by virtue of another office, often in a specified capacity, such as presiding, advisory, secretary). Some official positions may be inherited.
A person who currently holds an office is referred to as an incumbent.
The word official as a noun has been recorded since the Middle English period, first seen in 1314. It comes from the Old French official (12th century), from the Latin officialis ("attendant to a magistrate, public official"), the noun use of the original adjective officialis ("of or belonging to duty, service, or office") from officium ("office"). The meaning "person in charge of some public work or duty" was first recorded in 1555. The adjective is first attested in English in 1533, via the Old French oficial.
The informal term officialese, the jargon of "officialdom", was first recorded in 1884.
Other articles related to "government, government officials, officials, official":
... The Government bans the extremist Islamist political organization Hizb ut-Tahrir and its members are subject to arrest and imprisonment for subversion ... The government does not explicitly prohibit or discourage specific religious groups ... The local government of Tursonzade continued to use administrative barriers to prevent the registration of a place of worship for the Jehovah's Witnesses, in spite of their national ...
2007 and currently is the Senior Vice President for Government Relations with the Tennessee Valley Authority ...
... in recent years, without paying any royalty to the state government exchequer of Karnataka or the central government of India, and these Chinese companies made payment to ... It was also alleged that corrupt government officials cooperated with Reddy, starting from government officials in charge of regulating mining to government ... These officials received monthly bribes in exchange for enabling illegal export of illegally mined iron ore to China ...
... As an adjective, official often but not always means pertaining to the government, either as state employee or having state recognition, or to analogous governance, or to formal (especially legally regulated ... Some examples An official holiday is a public holiday, having national (or regional) recognition ... An official language is a language recognised by a government, for its own use in administration, or for the use of citizens (for example on signposts) ...
Famous quotes containing the words officials and/or government:
“The ordinary man is an anarchist. He wants to do as he likes. He may want his neighbour to be governed, but he himself doesnt want to be governed. He is mortally afraid of government officials and policemen.”
—George Bernard Shaw (18561950)
“You and I ... are convinced of the fact that if our Government in Washington and in a majority of the States should revert to the control of those who frankly put property ahead of human beings instead of working for human beings under a system of government which recognizes property, the nation as a whole would again be in a bad situation.”
—Franklin D. Roosevelt (18821945)