**Function**

The reason that glucose, and not another monosaccharide such as fructose, is so widely used in organisms is not clearly understood. One reason might be that glucose has a lower tendency, relative to other hexose sugars, to react non-specifically with the amino groups of proteins. This reaction (glycation) reduces or destroys the function of many enzymes. The low rate of glycation is due to glucose's preference for the less reactive cyclic isomer. Nevertheless, many of the long-term complications of diabetes (e.g., blindness, renal failure, and peripheral neuropathy) are probably due to the glycation of proteins or lipids. In contrast, enzyme-regulated addition of glucose to proteins by glycosylation is often essential to their function.

Read more about this topic: Glucose

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### Famous quotes containing the word function:

“Any translation which intends to perform a transmitting *function* cannot transmit anything but information—hence, something inessential. This is the hallmark of bad translations.”

—Walter Benjamin (1892–1940)

“It is not the *function* of our Government to keep the citizen from falling into error; it is the *function* of the citizen to keep the Government from falling into error.”

—Robert H. [Houghwout] Jackson (1892–1954)

“The *function* of muscle is to pull and not to push, except in the case of the genitals and the tongue.”

—Leonardo Da Vinci (1425–1519)