Standard Energy Change of Formation
The standard Gibbs free energy of formation of a compound is the change of Gibbs free energy that accompanies the formation of 1 mole of that substance from its component elements, at their standard states (the most stable form of the element at 25 degrees Celsius and 100 kilopascals). Its symbol is ΔfG˚.
All elements in their standard states (oxygen gas, graphite, etc.) have 0 standard Gibbs free energy change of formation, as there is no change involved.
- ΔrG = ΔrG˚ + RT ln Qr; Qr is the reaction quotient.
At equilibrium, ΔrG = 0 and Qr = K so the equation becomes ΔrG˚ = −RT ln K; K is the equilibrium constant.
Read more about this topic: Gibbs Free Energy
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