Coordinates: 55°39′31″N 37°33′23″E / 55.65861°N 37.55639°E / 55.65861; 37.55639
|Traded as||MCX: GAZP
|Industry||Oil and gas|
|Headquarters||16 Nametkina st., Moscow, Russia|
|Key people||Viktor Zubkov
|Products||Petroleum, natural gas, and other petrochemicals|
|Services||Gas pipeline transport|
|Net income||US$44.6 billion|
|Owner(s)||Russian Government (50.01%)|
|Subsidiaries||List of subsidiaries|
Open Joint Stock Company Gazprom (Открытое Акционерное Общество «Газпром», OAO Gazprom Russian: ОАО «Газпром», ) is the largest extractor of natural gas and one of the largest companies in the world. Its headquarters are in the Cheryomushki District, South-Western Administrative Okrug, Moscow. Its name is a contraction of Russian: Газовая промышленность, Gazovaya Promyshlennost, meaning "gas industry". Gazprom was created in 1989 when the Ministry of Gas Industry of the Soviet Union transformed itself into a corporation, keeping all its assets intact. The company was later privatized in part, but currently the Russian government holds most of the control in its hands.
In 2011, the company produced 513.2 billion cubic metres (18.12 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas, amounting to 17% of worldwide gas production. In addition, Gazprom produced 32.3 million tons of crude oil and 12.1 million tons of gas condensate. Gazprom's activities accounted for 8% of Russia's gross domestic product in 2011.
The major part of Gazprom's production fields are located around the Gulf of Ob in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug in Western Siberia, while the Yamal Peninsula is expected to become the company's main gas producing region in the future. Gazprom possesses the largest gas transport system in the world, with 158,200 kilometres of gas trunk lines. Major new pipeline projects include Nord Stream and South Stream.
The company possesses subsidiaries in many different industry sectors, including finance, media and aviation. In addition, it controls a majority of stakes in various companies.
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