Garnet - Garnet Group Endmember Species - Ugrandite Group – Calcium in X Site - Andradite

Andradite

Andradite is a calcium-iron garnet, Ca3Fe2(SiO4)3, is of variable composition and may be red, yellow, brown, green or black. The recognized varieties are topazolite (yellow or green), demantoid (green) and melanite (black). Andradite is found both in deep-seated igneous rocks like syenite as well as serpentines, schists, and crystalline limestone. Demantoid has been called the "emerald of the Urals" from its occurrence there, and is one of the most prized of garnet varieties. Topazolite is a golden-yellow variety and melanite is a black variety.

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Other articles related to "andradite":

Andradite - Occurrence
... As the other garnets andradite crystallizes in the cubic space group ], with unit-cell parameter of 12.051 Å at 100 K ... The spin structure of andradite contains two mutually canted equivalent antiferromagnetic sublattices below the Néel temperature (TN=11 K ) ...