IrelandSee also: Censorship in the Republic of Ireland
Freedom of speech is protected by Article 40.6.1 of the Irish constitution. However the article qualifies this right, providing that it may not be used to undermine "public order or morality or the authority of the State". Furthermore, the constitution explicitly requires that the publication of "blasphemous, seditious, or indecent matter" be a criminal offence, leading the government to pass a new blasphemy law on 8 July 2009.
The scope of the protection afforded by this Article has been interpreted restrictively by the judiciary, largely as a result of the wording of the Article, which qualifies the right before articulating it. Indeed, until an authoritative pronouncement on the issue by the Supreme Court, many believed that the protection was restricted to "convictions and opinions" and, as a result, a separate right to communicate was, by necessity, implied into Article 40.3.2. This judicial conservatism is at variance with the concept of speech as a democratic imperative. This, albeit trite, justification for free speech has underpinned the liberal, progressive interpretation of the First Amendment by the United States Supreme Court.
Under the European Convention on Human Rights Act 2003, all of the rights afforded by the European Convention form an integral part of the Republic of Ireland's laws. The act is, however, subordinate to the constitution.
Other articles related to "ireland":
... County Tipperary in Ireland was divided in 1838 into two ridings, Tipperary North Riding and Tipperary South Riding — the divisions remain as local government counties, but were renamed ...
... There are 3 prisons in Northern Ireland ... The "average" prison population of Northern Ireland in 2009 was 1,465 ...
... Nine years after arriving in Ireland, Nemed died of plague along with three thousand of his people ... one ship, containing thirty warriors, escaped, and the last of Nemed's followers left Ireland ... Preceded by Partholón Mythical invasions of Ireland AFM 2350 BC FFE 1731 BC Succeeded by Fir Bolg ...
... In corps units the rank designation changes ... In the artillery the rank is known as gunner (Gnr), but usually only after the completion of a gunners' course, and in the cavalry it is known as trooper (Tpr) ...
Famous quotes containing the word ireland:
“It is often said that in Ireland there is an excess of genius unsustained by talent; but there is talent in the tongues.”
—V.S. (Victor Sawdon)
“No people can more exactly interpret the inmost meaning of the present situation in Ireland than the American Negro. The scheme is simple. You knock a man down and then have him arrested for assault. You kill a man and then hang the corpse.”
—W.E.B. (William Edward Burghardt)
“The tragedy of Northern Ireland is that it is now a society in which the dead console the living.”
—Jack Holland (b. 1947)