Finns - Subdivisions


See also: Finnish language#Dialects

Finns are traditionally assumed to originate from two different populations speaking different dialects of Proto-Finnic (kantasuomi). Thus, a division into West Finnish and East Finnish is made. Further, there are subgroups, traditionally called heimo, according to dialects and local culture. Although ostensibly based on late Iron Age settlement patterns, the heimos have been constructed according to dialect during the rise of nationalism in the 19th century.

  • Western
    • Häme: Tavastians or Häme people (hämäläiset)
    • Ostrobothnia: Ostrobothnians (pohjalaiset)
      • Southern Ostrobothnians (eteläpohjalaiset) have a particularly distinct identity and dialect
      • Central Ostrobothnians (keskipohjalaiset)
      • Northern Ostrobothnians (pohjoispohjalaiset)
        • Norrbotten, Sweden: speakers of Meänkieli, a Far Northern dialect of Finnish
    • Southwestern Finland: varsinaissuomalaiset
  • Eastern
    • Ingria: Ingrian Finns (inkerinsuomalaiset)
    • Karelia: Karelian Finns (karjalaiset); Karelian dialects of Finnish are distinct from the Karelian language spoken in Russia, and most of Northern Karelia actually speak Savonian dialects
    • Savo: Savonian people (savolaiset), speak the Savo dialect
  • Emigrants
    • Forest Finns (Metsäsuomalaiset) of Sweden
    • Finnish immigrants to Sweden (ruotsinsuomalaiset)
    • Kvens (kveenit) of Finnmark, Norway
    • Other emigrant Finns (ulkosuomalaiset)
  • Swedish-speakers also have several dialectal subdivisions.

The historical provinces of Finland and Sweden can be seen to approximate some of these divisions. The regions of Finland, another remnant of a past governing system, can be seen to reflect a further manifestation of a local identity.

Today's (urbanized) Finns are not usually aware of the concept of 'heimo' nor do they typically identify with one, although the use of dialects has experienced a recent revival. Urbanized Finns do not necessarily know a particular dialect and tend to use standard Finnish or city slang but they may switch to a dialect when visiting their native area.

Read more about this topic:  Finns

Other articles related to "subdivisions, subdivision":

List Of Settlements In Corinthia - By Municipality
... Subdivisions of the municipality of Corinth Municipal unit of Assos-Lechaio Assos Kato Assos Lechaio Perigiali Municipal unit of Corinth Ancient ...
Census Geographic Units Of Canada - Census Consolidated Subdivisions
... A census consolidated subdivision is a geographic unit between census division and census subdivision ... It is a combination of adjacent census subdivisions typically consisting of larger, more rural census subdivisions and smaller, more densely-populated census subdivisions ...
Regions Of Singapore
... The regions of Singapore are urban planning subdivisions demarcated by the Urban Redevelopment Authority of Singapore to aid in its planning efforts ... by some governmental organizations, these regions are not administrative subdivisions ... These subdivisions are incompatible with the regions subdivisions ...
Census Geographic Units Of Canada - Census Subdivisions
... Census subdivisions generally correspond to the municipalities of Canada, as determined by provincial and territorial legislation ... Statistics Canada has created census subdivisions in cooperation with the provinces of British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Nova Scotia as equivalents for ... The Indian reserve and Indian settlement census subdivisions are determined according to criteria established by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada ...