Etruria —usually referred to in Greek and Latin source texts as Tyrrhenia (Greek: Τυρρηνία) —was a region of Central Italy, located in an area that covered part of what now are Tuscany, Latium, Emilia-Romagna, and Umbria. A particularly noteworthy work dealing with Etruscan locations is D. H. Lawrence's Sketches of Etruscan Places and other Italian essays.

The ancient people of Etruria are labelled Etruscans, and their complex culture was centered on numerous city-states that rose during the Villanovan period in the ninth century BC and were very powerful during the Orientalizing and Archaic periods. The Etruscans were a dominant culture in Italy by 650 BC, surpassing other ancient Italic peoples such as the Ligures, and their influence may be seen beyond Etruria's confines in the Po River Valley and Latium, as well as in Campania and through their contact with the Greek colonies in Southern Italy (including Sicily). Indeed, at some Etruscan tombs, such as those of the Tumulus di Montefortini at Comeana (see Carmignano) in Tuscany, physical evidence of trade has been found in the form of grave goods—fine faience ware cups are particularly notable examples. Such trade occurred either directly with Egypt, or through intermediaries such as Greek or Etruscan sailors.

Rome, buffered from Etruria by the Silva Ciminia, the Ciminian Forest, was influenced strongly by the Etruscans, with a series of Etruscan kings ruling at Rome until 509 BC when the last Etruscan king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was removed from power and the Roman Republic was established. The Etruscans are credited with influencing Rome's architecture and ritual practice; it was under the Etruscan kings that important structures such as the Capitolium, Cloaca Maxima, and Via Sacra were realized.

The Etruscan civilization was responsible for much of the Greek culture imported into early Republican Rome, including the twelve Olympian gods, the growing of olives and grapes, the Latin alphabet (adapted from the Greek alphabet), and architecture like the arch, sewerage and drainage systems.

The classical name Etruria was revived in the early 19th century, applied to the Kingdom of Etruria, an ephemeral creation of Napoleon I of France in Tuscany which existed from 1801 to 1807.

Read more about Etruria:  Cities

Other articles related to "etruria":

List Of Fire Emblem: Fūin No Tsurugi Characters - Playable Characters - Perceval
... Perceval, the Knight General of Etruria, is a good colleague of Great General Douglas and Mage General Cecilia ... extremely loyal to Prince Mildain (also known as Elphin) and King Mordred of Etruria ... of the Bern military and join the Lycian Alliance for the good of Etruria ...
Etruria, Staffordshire - After Wedgwood
... Much of Etruria became derelict with the move of Wedgwood after the Second World War and the subsequent closure of the nearby Shelton Bar steelworks ... Etruria is also home to The Sentinel, the local evening newspaper for the Stoke-on-Trent area ... Etruria was served by a railway station which was opened by the North Staffordshire Railway on October 9, 1848, but it was closed on September 30, 2005 ...
Thomas Dempster
... He eventually found refuge and patronage under Grand Duke Cosimo II of Etruria, who commissioned a work on the Etruscans ... Three years later Thomas handed the duke a magnum opus, the manuscript of De Etruria Regali Libri Septem, "Seven Books about Royal Etruria", in the Latin language, the first detailed study of every ...
Etruscan History - History
... Further information Padanian Etruria Etruscan expansion was focused both to the north beyond the Apennines and south into Campania ... Etruria saw itself relegated to the northern Tyrrhenian Sea ... From the first half of the 5th century BC Campanian Etruria lost its Etruscan character, and the new international political situation meant the beginning of the Etruscan decline ...