Ethylene

Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is an organic compound, a hydrocarbon with the formula C2H4 or H2C=CH2. It is a colorless flammable gas with a faint "sweet and musky" odor when pure. It is the simplest alkene (a hydrocarbon with carbon-carbon double bonds), and the simplest unsaturated hydrocarbon after acetylene (C2H2).

Ethylene is widely used in chemical industry, and its worldwide production (over 109 million tonnes in 2006) exceeds that of any other organic compound. Ethylene is also an important natural plant hormone, used in agriculture to force the ripening of fruits.

Read more about EthyleneStructure and Properties, Uses, Production, Ethylene As A Plant Hormone, Ligand, History

Other articles related to "ethylene":

Ethylene-responsive Element Binding Protein
... Ethylene-responsive element binding protein (EREBP) is a homeobox gene from Arabidopsis thaliana and other plants which encodes a transcription factor ... EREBP is responsible in part for mediating the response in plants to the plant hormone ethylene ...
Lignostilbene Alphabeta-dioxygenase
... reaction 1,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)ethylene + O2 2 vanillin Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 1,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)ethyl ...
Ethylene - History - Safety
... Like all hydrocarbons, ethylene is an asphyxiant and combustible ... It has been used as an anesthetic ...
Shang Fa Yang - Research
... His research focused on how plants produce ethylene, which is important in regulating a host of plant functions, ranging from seed germination to fruit ripening ... He studied the pathway of ethylene biosynthesis and proved unequivocally the central role of methionine as a precursor of ethylene ... Ethylene represents one of the five major hormones affecting plant development and maturation ...
C1orf160 - Distant Homolog
... homolog of TMEM222, RTH (RTE1-Homolog), is a homolog of RTE1 (Reversion-to-Ethylene Perception 1), which is known to induce conformational changes in ETR1 (Ethylene receptor 1) that result in negative regulation ...