Epidemiology

Epidemiology is the study (or the science of the study) of the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined populations. It is the cornerstone of public health, and informs policy decisions and evidence-based medicine by identifying risk factors for disease and targets for preventive medicine. Epidemiologists help with study design, collection and statistical analysis of data, and interpretation and dissemination of results (including peer review and occasional systematic review). Epidemiology has helped develop methodology used in clinical research, public health studies and, to a lesser extent, basic research in the biological sciences.

Major areas of epidemiological study include disease etiology, outbreak investigation, disease surveillance and screening, biomonitoring, and comparisons of treatment effects such as in clinical trials. Epidemiologists rely on other scientific disciplines like biology to better understand disease processes, statistics to make efficient use of the data and draw appropriate conclusions, social sciences to better understand proximate and distal causes, and engineering for exposure assessment.

Read more about EpidemiologyEtymology, History, The Profession, The Practice, As Causal Inference, Advocacy, Population-based Health Management, Validity: Precision and Bias, Journals, Areas

Other articles related to "epidemiology":

Val Beral - Honours and Awards
... School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine for her ground-breaking work in cancer epidemiology and women’s health, most notably through the Million Women study, as well as ... – for scientific contributions to epidemiology ... to medicine and women's health through significant advances in cancer research and epidemiology, through seminal contributions to public health policy and as a mentor to young scientists." ...
Epidemiology - Areas
... By physiology/disease Infectious disease epidemiology Occupational Injury Illness epidemiology Cardiovascular disease epidemiology Cancer epidemiology Neuroepidemiology Epidemiology of Aging Oral/Dental ...
Infection Control And Hospital Epidemiology
... Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by the University of Chicago Press ... The journal is published for the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America ...
Seborrheic Keratosis - Epidemiology
... Onset is usually in middle age although a common finding in younger patients - found in 12% of 15-year-olds to 25-year-olds making the term "senile keratosis" redundant ... No difference in prevalence exists between genders ...