Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; later The Duke of Windsor; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth, and Emperor of India, from 20 January to 11 December 1936.
Edward was the eldest son of King George V and Queen Mary. He was created Prince of Wales on his sixteenth birthday. As a young man, he served in the British Armed Forces during the First World War and undertook several foreign tours on behalf of his father.
Edward became king when his father died in early 1936. He showed impatience with court protocol, and politicians were concerned by his apparent disregard for established constitutional conventions. Only months into his reign, he caused a constitutional crisis by proposing marriage to the American socialite Wallis Simpson, who had divorced her first husband and was seeking a divorce from her second. The prime ministers of the United Kingdom and the Dominions opposed the marriage, arguing that the people would never accept a divorced woman with two living ex-husbands as queen. Additionally, such a marriage would have conflicted with Edward's status as head of the Church of England, which opposed the remarriage of divorced people if their former spouses were still alive. Edward knew that the government led by British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin would resign if the marriage went ahead, which could have forced a general election and ruin his status as a politically neutral constitutional monarch. Choosing not to end his relationship with Simpson, Edward abdicated. He was succeeded by his younger brother Albert, who chose the regnal name George VI. With a reign of 326 days, Edward was one of the shortest-reigning monarchs in British and Commonwealth history. He was never crowned.
After his abdication, he was given the title Duke of Windsor. He married Simpson in France on 3 June 1937, after her second divorce became final. Later that year, the couple toured Germany. During the Second World War, he was at first stationed with the British Military Mission to France but, after private accusations that he held Nazi sympathies, he was assigned to the Bahamas as the islands' Governor. After the war, he was never given another official appointment and spent the remainder of his life in retirement in France.
Other articles related to "edward viii, edward":
... British Royalty House of Windsor George V Edward VIII George VI Mary, Princess Royal Henry, Duke of Gloucester George, Duke of Kent Prince John Edward VIII Cultural depictions of Edward VIII of ...
... Robertson Davies's The Deptford Trilogy has Edward's profound effect on his public as a key element ... Boy Staunton, is a great admirer of Edward VIII, having met him in person once and styled himself after him ... His discontent upon being appointed as Lieutenant Governor of Ontario mirrors Edward's decision to choose love over his title and position ...
... corner of Relton Terrace and Ivanhoe Terrace, and was opened in 1936 during the reign of Edward VIII before his abdication ... As a result, it is one of only two Post Offices to feature a Royal Emblem of King Edward VIII and a plaque outside recognies this ... The Civic Heart Sculpture over the market place, itself built over Cong Burn Edward VIII Royal Emblem at the main Post Office ...
... On the day of Edward VIII's abdication, 11 December 1936, the line of succession to the British throne was as follows Prince Albert, Duke of York (b. 1902), brother of the king Prince Edward of Kent (b ... child of the Duke of Kent (the Duchess was eight months pregnant at the time of Edward's abdication) Princess Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood ...
... During the reign of Edward VIII, he left his post as Equerry-in-Ordinary to become an Extra Equerry, on 21 July 1936 ... He would remain an Extra Equerry to Edward VIII and George VI until his death in 1945 ...
Famous quotes containing the words viii and/or edward:
“Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength
because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the
—Bible: Hebrew Psalm VIII (l. VIII, 2)
“Oh, a capital ship for an ocean trip,
Was the Walloping Window Blind;
No gale that blew dismayed her crew
Or troubled the captains mind.”
—Charles Edward Carryl (18411920)