In physics and all science, **dimensional analysis** is a tool to find or check relations among physical quantities by using their dimensions. The **dimension of a physical quantity** is the combination of the **basic physical dimensions** (usually length, mass, time, electric current, temperature, amount of substance and luminous intensity) which describe it; for example, speed has the dimension length per time, and may be measured in meters per second, miles per hour, or other units. Dimensional analysis is based on the fact that a physical law must be independent of the units used to measure the physical variables. A straightforward practical consequence is that any meaningful equation (and any inequality and inequation) must have the same dimensions in the left and right sides. Checking this is the basic way of performing dimensional analysis.

Dimensional analysis is routinely used to check the plausibility of derived equations and computations. It is also used to form reasonable hypotheses about complex physical situations that can be tested by experiment or by more developed theories of the phenomena, and to categorize types of physical quantities and units based on their relations to or dependence on other units, or their dimensions if any.

Read more about Dimensional Analysis: Great Principle of Similitude, Percentages and Derivatives, Applications, Dimensional Equivalences

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