Diacritic - Generation With Computers

Generation With Computers

Modern computer technology was developed mostly in the English-speaking countries, so data formats, keyboard layouts, etc. were developed with a bias favoring English, a language with an alphabet without diacritical marks. This has led to fears internationally that the marks and accents may be made obsolete to facilitate the worldwide exchange of data. Efforts have been made to create internationalized domain names that further extend the English alphabet (e.g., "pokémon.com").

Depending on the keyboard layout, which differs amongst countries, it is more or less easy to enter letters with diacritics on computers and typewriters. Some have their own keys; some are created by first pressing the key with the diacritic mark followed by the letter to place it on. Such a key is sometimes referred to as a dead key, as it produces no output of its own but modifies the output of the key pressed after it.

In modern Microsoft Windows and Linux operating systems, the keyboard layouts US International and UK International feature dead keys that allow one to type Latin letters with the acute, grave, circumflex, diæresis, tilde, and cedilla found in Western European languages (specifically, those combinations found in the ISO Latin-1 character set) directly: "+e gives ë, ~+o gives õ, etc. On Apple Macintosh computers, there are keyboard shortcuts for the most common diacritics; Option-e followed by a vowel places an acute accent, Option-u followed by a vowel gives an umlaut, option-c gives a cedilla, etc. Diacritics can be composed in most X Window System keyboard layouts, as well as other operating systems, such as Microsoft Windows, using additional software.

On computers, the availability of code pages determines whether one can use certain diacritics. Unicode solves this problem by assigning every known character its own code; if this code is known, most modern computer systems provide a method to input it. With Unicode, it is also possible to combine diacritical marks with most characters.

Read more about this topic:  Diacritic

Other articles related to "generation, generations":

Strauss–Howe Generational Theory - Timing of Generations and Turnings
... Generation Type Birth years Formative era Late Medieval Saeculum Arthurian Generation Hero (Civic) 1433–1460 (27) Unraveling Retreat from France ... Generation Hero (Civic) 1901–1924 (23) Unraveling World War I/Prohibition Silent Generation Artist (Adaptive) 1925–1942 (17) Crisis Great Depression/World War II Millennial Saeculum (65+) (Baby ... according to the chart, the Civil War came about ten years too early the adult generations allowed the worst aspects of their generational personalities to come through ...
Holden Commodore
... Opel continued to provide the basis for future generations until the launch of the fourth generation in 2006, which deployed an Australian developed ... provided by the now discontinued third generation architecture ... Prior to the 1988 onwards second generation Commodore, the Holden was positioned a full class below the full-size Falcon ...
Generation Name
... Generation name, variously zibei or banci, is one of the characters in a traditional Chinese name, and is so called because each member of a generation (i.e ... siblings and cousins of the same generation) share that character, unlike surnames or given names ... Where used, generation names were usually given only to males, although this does vary from lineage to lineage and has changed over time ...
Other Generations
... The term generation is sometimes applied to a cultural movement, or more narrowly defined group than an entire demographic ... Some examples include The Beat Generation, a popular American cultural movement that most social scholars say laid the foundation of the pro-active American ... The Beat Generation is between the Silent Generation and the Baby Boomers ...

Famous quotes containing the word generation:

    Once I prophesied that this generation of Americans had a rendezvous with destiny. That prophecy now comes true. To us much is given; more is expected. This generation will nobly save or mainly lose the last best hope of earth. The way is plain, peaceful, generous just. A way, which if followed, the world will forever applaud, and God must forever bless.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945)