Consonant

In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract. Examples are, pronounced with the lips;, pronounced with the front of the tongue;, pronounced with the back of the tongue;, pronounced in the throat; and, pronounced by forcing air through a narrow channel (fricatives); and and, which have air flowing through the nose (nasals). Contrasting with consonants are vowels.

Since the number of possible sounds in all of the world's languages is much greater than the number of letters in any one alphabet, linguists have devised systems such as the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) to assign a unique and unambiguous symbol to each attested consonant. In fact, the English alphabet has fewer consonant letters than English has consonant sounds, so digraphs like "ch", "sh", "th", and "zh" are used to extend the alphabet, and some letters and digraphs represent more than one consonant. For example, the sound spelled "th" in "this" is a different consonant than the "th" sound in "thin". (In the IPA they are transcribed and, respectively.)

Read more about Consonant:  Terminology, Letters, Consonants Versus Vowels, Features, Examples, Audio Samples

Other articles related to "consonant, consonants":

Classical Milanese Orthography - Table of Pronunciation
... in vowel, on the last syllable for these ending in consonant ... Sign Context IPA Notes a followed by double consonant or accented word-finally a stress is indicated with grave accent a elsewhere aː stress is indicated with grave accent aa word-finally aː always ...
Pulmonic Consonant - See Also
... Ejective consonant Implosive consonant Click consonant Airstream mechanism. ...
Consonant - Audio Samples
... The following are consonant charts with links to audio samples ... IPA chart pulmonic consonants with audio - (requires browser with JavaScript) IPA chart non-pulmonic consonants with audio - (requires browser with JavaScript) IPA chart affricate consonants with audio - (requir ...
Laryngeal Consonant
... A laryngeal consonant is generally synonymous with a glottal consonant that is, with, and ... and aryepiglottic folds, though epiglottal and aryepiglottal consonants are usually counted as radical rather than as laryngeal ... The term laryngeal consonant is also used for laryngealized consonants articulated in the upper vocal tract, such as Arabic 'emphatics' and Korean 'tense' consonants ...
Phonological Rule - Types
... Sound change and alternation Metathesis Quantitative metathesis Lenition Consonant gradation Consonant voicing and devoicing Assibilation L-vocalization ... -s becomes voiced or voiceless depending on whether or not the preceding consonant is voiced ...