Deira

Deira (Old English: Derenrice (Scandinavian: Deren Riket; Germanic Deren Reich) or Dere) was a kingdom in Northern England which probably emerged when Anglian warriors conquered the Derwent Valley in the third quarter of the fifth century. It extended from the Humber to the Tees, and from the sea to the western edge of the Vale of York. It was the southern of the two kingdom of Deira and Bernicia which later merged to form the kingdom of Northumbria.

The name of the kingdom is of Brythonic origin, perhaps from Deifr, meaning "waters", or from Daru, meaning "oak", in which case it would mean "the people of the Derwent", a derivation also found in the Latin name for Malton, Derventio.

According to Simeon of Durham it extended from the Humber to the Tyne, but the land was waste north of the Tees. After the Brythonic kingdom centered around Eboracum, which may have been called Ebrauc, was taken by Edwin, the city of Eboracum became its capital and was called Eoforwic (boar-place) by the Angles. Before this it is likely that the capital would have been at or near Pocklington.

The first Deiran Anglian king of whom we have any record is Ælla, who flourished in the later 6th century after conquering the realm from the Britons in 581. After his death, Deira was subject to king Æthelfrith of Bernicia, who united the two kingdoms into Northumbria. Æthelfrith ruled until the accession of Ælla's son Edwin, in 616 or 617, who also ruled both kingdoms until 633.

Osric, the nephew of Edwin, ruled Deira after Edwin, but his son Oswine was put to death by Oswiu in 651. For a few years subsequently Deira was governed by Æthelwald son of Oswald of Bernicia.

Bede wrote of Deira in his Historia Ecclesiastica.

Read more about DeiraKings of Deira

Other articles related to "deira":

Deira, Dubai
... Deira (In Arabic ديرة) is an area in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates bordered by the Persian Gulf, Sharjah and Dubai Creek ... Port Saeed is a small port along Deira's shore of Dubai Creek ... Deira has developed much since its early days with the development of both overhead and underground metro tracks, innumerable shopping malls springing up, and modern buildings and towers ...
Al Murar
... Al Murar is located in eastern Dubai in Deira and is bordered by the Deira Corniche in the north, Naif in the south, Ayil Nasir to the west and Al Baraha to the east ... Al Murar is a residential community in the heart of the Deira central business district ...
Deira City Centre
... Deira City Centre (Arabic ديرة سيتي سنتر‎) is a large shopping mall in Dubai, United Arab Emirates ... Located in the community of Deira, Deira City Centre was the largest mall in Dubai prior to the establishment of Ibn Battuta Mall, Mall of the Emirates and ... Deira City Centre was established in 1996, is spread across 1,300,000 square feet (120,000 m2) and includes a Carrefour superstore and it used to have an Ikea outlet before it moved ...
Deira Clocktower
... Deira Clocktower (Arabic دوار الساعة ديرة‎), originally referred to as the Dubai Clocktower, is a roundabout in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE) ... The Clocktower is located in eastern Dubai in Deira, at the intersection of Umm Hurrair Road and route D 89 (Al Maktoum Road) ... Situated in the locality of Al Rigga, the Deira Clocktower, now a prominent monument in Deira, provides access to the Al Maktoum Bridge, the first land crossing constructed between Deira and Bur Dubai ...
D 89 Road (United Arab Emirates)
... One of the longest intra-city roads, D 89 begins at the Deira Corniche and runs perpendicular to D 85 (Baniyas Road) ... From Deira, the road progresses south-eastward towards Dubai International Airport, intersecting with E 311 (Emirates Road) past the airport ... Important landmarks along D 89 include the Deira Corniche, Deira Twin Towers, Dubai International Airport, Al Bustan Rotana Hotel, Le Meridian Hotel, Al Rashidiya Park and Mushrif Park ...